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Table 3 Frequency of mention of determinants among observational studies (n = 47)

From: Determinants of clean birthing practices in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review

  Gen. Hand hygiene Surface Blade Tie C. Care
n = 23 Attendant n = 7 Caregiver n = 3. n = 5 n = 4 n = 5 n = 10
Capability
 Psychological
  Education 1       1
  Guidelines 1 1      
  Knowledge 13 4 3   3 4 4
  Occupation 1       
  Parity 1       
 Physical
  Skills 8     1 1  
Motivation
 Reflective
  Product acceptability        1
  Futility 1       
  Practical considerations     4    
  Willingness to pay        1
  Product cost 1       
 Automatic
  Automaticity    1     
  Disgust    1     
  Nurture    1    1 4
  Sense of ownership        1
  Sense of pride 1       
Opportunity
 Social
  Soc. hierarchies/ community influencers 2 1 1 1    4
  Traditional/cultural beliefs 5    4 2 1 5
 Physical
  Adequate materials/supplies 7 5     1  
  Convenience 1 2      
  Infrastructure 4 3      
  Time 1 1 1 1