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Table 9 ANOVA of hospital food handlers answers to knowledge questions on food-borne pathogens and diseases (N = 210)

From: An assessment of the food safety knowledge and attitudes of food handlers in hospitals

 ANOVA between groups (p-value)
Knowledge questionsLevel of EducationEmployment positionExperience in food handling practicesFood safety training course attendance
Food-borne pathogens
 Which of the following is the main foodborne bacteria pathogens mostly associated with poultry products?0.000¥PCT 10.002¥PCT 20.0970.119
 Which of the following best explains what will happen to food borne bacteria in food at a temperature of 37 °C?0.000¥PCT 30.010¥PCT 40.2570.330
Food-borne diseases
 Which of the following is the most common symptom for food poisoning?0.0770.1270.1600.073
 Which of the following best explains why are preschool-age children at a higher risk for foodborne illnesses?0.030¥PCT 50.3170.2200.043¥PCT 6
 Which of the following groups of people are more vulnerable to foodborne diseases?0.1130.7690.3200.104
  1. PCT 1: Below metric (CA = 75%, WA = 25%), Matric certificate (CA = 34%, WA = 66%), Certificate/Diploma (CA = 32.9%, WA = 67.1%), Higher Certificate/Diploma (CA = 58.3%, WA = 41.7%), Bachelor degree and above (CA = 64.7%; WA = 35.3%)
  2. PCT 2: Food service managers (CA = 70%, WA = 30%), Food service supervisors (CA = 33.3%; WA = 66.7%), Chef (CA = 85.3%, WA = 14.7%), Support staff (CA = 33.3%, WA = 66.7%), Nurses (CA = 41.7%; WA = 58.3%)
  3. PCT 3: Below metric (CA = 4.2%, WA = 95.8%), Matric certificate (CA = 32.1%, WA = 67.9%), Certificate/Diploma (CA = 40%, WA = 60%), Higher Certificate/Diploma (CA = 33.3%, WA = 66.7%), Bachelor degree and above (CA = 58.8%; WA = 41.2%)
  4. PCT 4: Food service managers (CA = 90%, WA = 10%), Food service supervisors (CA = 50%, WA = 50%), Chef (CA = 67.6%, WA = 32.4%), Support staff (CA = 33.3%, WA = 66.7%), Nurses (CA = 39.9%; WA = 60.1%)
  5. PCT 5: Below metric (CA = 91.7%, WA = 8.3%), Matric certificate (CA = 56.6%, WA = 43.4%), Certificate/Diploma (CA = 61.4%, WA = 38.6%), Higher Certificate/Diploma (CA = 75%, WA = 25%), Bachelor degree and above (CA = 70.6%; WA = 29.4%)
  6. PCT 6: Yes: (CA = 60.3%, WA = 39.7%), No (CA = 55.3%; WA = 44.7%)
  7. ¥: Significance at p ≤ 0.05, PCT Partial Cross Tabulation, CA Correct Answer, WA Wrong Answer