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Table 1 Study characteristics of included articles for the final systematic review and meta-analysis on diabetes self-care among diabetic patients in Ethiopia

From: Level of self-care practice among diabetic patients in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

No. Author Year Region Sample size Reported outcome percentage (95% CI) Quality assessment score
  Overall self-care Dietary-practice Physical-activity SMBG Foot-care  
1 Berhe, K, et al. [23]. 2017 Tigray 310 49.4 (43.8, 54.9) 32.9(27.7, 38.1) 74 (69.1, 78.8) 14 (10.1, 17.8) 51.3 (45.7, 56.8) 7
2 Kassahun CW. et al. [2] 2017 Oromia 284 56.6 (31.5, 81.7) 8
3 Chali, S.W. et al. [24] 2018 Benishangul 383 54.3 (49.3, 59.3) 6
4 Worku, A, et al. [43]. 2015 Addis Ababa 403 48.6 (43.7, 53.5) 41.2 (36.4, 46.0) 4
5 Demilew YM. et al. [44] 2018 Amhara 401 35.9 (31.2, 40.6) 8
6 Tiruneh SA.., et al. [34] 2019 Amhara 385 63.1 (58.8, 67.9) 5
7 Gesesew H. et al. [28] 2016 Oromia 309 49.2(43.6, 54.8) 71 (65.0, 76.0) 7
8 Hailu, E., et al. [37] 2012 Oromia 343 55.6 (50.3, 60.8) 64.9 (59.8, 69.9) 2.6 (0.91, 4.3) 82.9(78.9, 86.8) 9
9 Niguse H. et al. [32] 2016 Tigray 338 25.5 (20.8, 30.1) 6
10 Ayele K. et al. [1] 2012 Harai 222 39.2 (32.8, 45.8) 55.7 (51.2, 64.2) 31.1 (25.0, 37.2) 2.3 (0.32, 4.3) 7
11 Feleke SA. et al. [27] 2013 Amhara 410 36.8 (32.1, 41.5) 57.1 (52.3, 61.9) 23.6 (19.5, 27.7) 9
12 Addisu,Y, et al. [21] 2014 SNNP 310 76.8 (72.1, 81.5) 49.7 (44.1, 55.3) 44.5 (38.9, 50.0) 20.0 (15.5, 24.4) 5
13 Bonger, Z, et al. [45] 2018 Addis Ababa 419 24.1 (20.0, 28.2) 46.3 (41.5, 51.0) 16.5 (12.9, 20.0) 8
14 Kassahun, T., et al. [29] 2016 Oromia 309 49.2 (43.6, 54.8) 29.1 (24.0, 34.2) 6
15 Aklilu, T., et al [4] 2014 Amhara 303 80.9 (76.5, 85.3) 45.9 (40.3, 51.5) 20.1 (15.6, 24.6) 80.2 (75.7, 84.7) 4
16 Mariye T, et al. [31] 2018 Tigray 284 37.3 (31.7, 42.9) 7
17 Dedefo. G., et al. [25] 2019 Oromia 252 60.7 (54.6, 66.7) 69.4 (63.7, 75.1) 63.5 (57.5, 69.4) 40.5 (34.4, 46.5) 82.9 (78.2, 87.5) 5
18 Mariam. G., et al. [46] 2017 Amhara 279 97.8 (96.0, 99.5) 81.7 (77.2, 86.2) 63.4 (57.7, 69.1) 36.6 (30.9, 42.2) 9
19 Amente, T., et al. [22] 2014 Oromia 254 55 (48.9, 61.1) 6
20 Abate, T.W, et al. [20] 2018 Amhara 416 28.4 (24.0, 32.7) 5
21 Deribe, B. et al. [26] 2014 SNNP 216 55.6 (49.7, 61.4) 55.1 (48.5, 61.7) 4
22 Gebrekirstos K. et al. [47] 2015 Tigray 319 19.3 (14.2, 24.4) 7
23 Sorato, M. et al. [33] 2016 SNNP 194 41.2 (34.3, 48.1) 82.5 (77.1, 87.8) 50.5 (43.5, 57.5) 5.7 (2.4, 8.9) 8
24 Gurmu, Y. et al. [48] 2018 Oromia 257 54.5 (48.4, 60.6)   9
25 Woldu, M., et al. [35] 2014 Oromia 102 58.8 (49.2, 68.3) 50 (40.3, 59.7) 83.3 (76.0, 90.5) 6
26 Tekalegn, Y., et al. [42] 2018 Addis Ababa 412 42.5 (37.7, 47.3) 54.4 (49.6, 59.2) 15 (11.5, 18.4) 5
27 Tegegne GT, et al. [49] 2015 Oromia 111 18 (10.8, 25.1) 23.4 (15.5,31.3) 8
28 Tamirat A, et al. [50] 2014 Oromia 319 11.9 (8.3, 15.4) 8
29 Wabe T, et al. [51] 2011 Oromia 384 41.9 (36.9, 46.8) 4
30 Angamo T, et al. [52] 2013 Oromia 284 18.3 (13.8, 22.8) 8
31 Yigezu DM. et al. [17] 2017 Oromia 174 40.8 (33.5, 48.1) 5
32 Fasil A. et al. [16] 2019 Amhara 367 39.5 (34.5, 44.5) 6
33 Seid A. et al. [38] 2014 Amhara 313 53 (47.5, 58.0) 8
34 Mamo M. et al. [30] 2016 Addis Ababa 646 60.3 (56.5,64.0) 9
35 Abebe SM. et al. [53] 2015 Amhara 391 35.3 (30.5, 40.0) 4
  1. SMBG Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose
  2. The dash-line (−-) indicate a research not reported particular outcome
  3. SNNP South Nation Nationality of people
  4. CI Confidence Interval