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Table 1 Study characteristics of included articles for the final systematic review and meta-analysis on diabetes self-care among diabetic patients in Ethiopia

From: Level of self-care practice among diabetic patients in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

No.AuthorYearRegionSample sizeReported outcome percentage (95% CI)Quality assessment score
 Overall self-careDietary-practicePhysical-activitySMBGFoot-care 
1Berhe, K, et al. [23].2017Tigray31049.4 (43.8, 54.9)32.9(27.7, 38.1)74 (69.1, 78.8)14 (10.1, 17.8)51.3 (45.7, 56.8)7
2Kassahun CW. et al. [2]2017Oromia28456.6 (31.5, 81.7)8
3Chali, S.W. et al. [24]2018Benishangul38354.3 (49.3, 59.3)6
4Worku, A, et al. [43].2015Addis Ababa40348.6 (43.7, 53.5)41.2 (36.4, 46.0)4
5Demilew YM. et al. [44]2018Amhara40135.9 (31.2, 40.6)8
6Tiruneh SA.., et al. [34]2019Amhara38563.1 (58.8, 67.9)5
7Gesesew H. et al. [28]2016Oromia30949.2(43.6, 54.8)71 (65.0, 76.0)7
8Hailu, E., et al. [37]2012Oromia34355.6 (50.3, 60.8)64.9 (59.8, 69.9)2.6 (0.91, 4.3)82.9(78.9, 86.8)9
9Niguse H. et al. [32]2016Tigray33825.5 (20.8, 30.1)6
10Ayele K. et al. [1]2012Harai22239.2 (32.8, 45.8)55.7 (51.2, 64.2)31.1 (25.0, 37.2)2.3 (0.32, 4.3)7
11Feleke SA. et al. [27]2013Amhara41036.8 (32.1, 41.5)57.1 (52.3, 61.9)23.6 (19.5, 27.7)9
12Addisu,Y, et al. [21]2014SNNP31076.8 (72.1, 81.5)49.7 (44.1, 55.3)44.5 (38.9, 50.0)20.0 (15.5, 24.4)5
13Bonger, Z, et al. [45]2018Addis Ababa41924.1 (20.0, 28.2)46.3 (41.5, 51.0)16.5 (12.9, 20.0)8
14Kassahun, T., et al. [29]2016Oromia30949.2 (43.6, 54.8)29.1 (24.0, 34.2)6
15Aklilu, T., et al [4]2014Amhara30380.9 (76.5, 85.3)45.9 (40.3, 51.5)20.1 (15.6, 24.6)80.2 (75.7, 84.7)4
16Mariye T, et al. [31]2018Tigray28437.3 (31.7, 42.9)7
17Dedefo. G., et al. [25]2019Oromia25260.7 (54.6, 66.7)69.4 (63.7, 75.1)63.5 (57.5, 69.4)40.5 (34.4, 46.5)82.9 (78.2, 87.5)5
18Mariam. G., et al. [46]2017Amhara27997.8 (96.0, 99.5)81.7 (77.2, 86.2)63.4 (57.7, 69.1)36.6 (30.9, 42.2)9
19Amente, T., et al. [22]2014Oromia25455 (48.9, 61.1)6
20Abate, T.W, et al. [20]2018Amhara41628.4 (24.0, 32.7)5
21Deribe, B. et al. [26]2014SNNP21655.6 (49.7, 61.4)55.1 (48.5, 61.7)4
22Gebrekirstos K. et al. [47]2015Tigray31919.3 (14.2, 24.4)7
23Sorato, M. et al. [33]2016SNNP19441.2 (34.3, 48.1)82.5 (77.1, 87.8)50.5 (43.5, 57.5)5.7 (2.4, 8.9)8
24Gurmu, Y. et al. [48]2018Oromia25754.5 (48.4, 60.6) 9
25Woldu, M., et al. [35]2014Oromia10258.8 (49.2, 68.3)50 (40.3, 59.7)83.3 (76.0, 90.5)6
26Tekalegn, Y., et al. [42]2018Addis Ababa41242.5 (37.7, 47.3)54.4 (49.6, 59.2)15 (11.5, 18.4)5
27Tegegne GT, et al. [49]2015Oromia11118 (10.8, 25.1)23.4 (15.5,31.3)8
28Tamirat A, et al. [50]2014Oromia31911.9 (8.3, 15.4)8
29Wabe T, et al. [51]2011Oromia38441.9 (36.9, 46.8)4
30Angamo T, et al. [52]2013Oromia28418.3 (13.8, 22.8)8
31Yigezu DM. et al. [17]2017Oromia17440.8 (33.5, 48.1)5
32Fasil A. et al. [16]2019Amhara36739.5 (34.5, 44.5)6
33Seid A. et al. [38]2014Amhara31353 (47.5, 58.0)8
34Mamo M. et al. [30]2016Addis Ababa64660.3 (56.5,64.0)9
35Abebe SM. et al. [53]2015Amhara39135.3 (30.5, 40.0)4
  1. SMBG Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose
  2. The dash-line (−-) indicate a research not reported particular outcome
  3. SNNP South Nation Nationality of people
  4. CI Confidence Interval