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Table 1 Description and list of characteristics of the included studies

From: The prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection in β-thalassemia patients in Pakistan: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AuthorYearStudy DesignSample sizeCasesPrevalence (%)SettingProvinceSexWorking Year% Female% MaleAverage AgeTestQuality
Bhatti et al.[18]1995NA352160.00UrbanKhyber PakhtunkhwaBothNA14.2885.716.5ELISAMedium
Muhammad et al. [19]2003Cross-sectional802936.25UrbanKhyber PakhtunkhwaBothJul. 1999 to Mar. 2001NANA7.5ELISAMedium
Shah at al. [20]2005Cross-sectional25014256.80UrbanKhyber PakhtunkhwabothJan. 2000 to Jan. 200172.002810ELISAMedium
Hussain [21]2008Cross-sectional1807541.67UrbanKhyber PakhtunkhwaBothJan. 2002 to Dec. 2003NANA6.8ELISAGood
Ali et al. [22]2011NA1672615.57UrbanKhyber PakhtunkhwaBothNA62.2836.7NARNAMedium
Khattak et al.[23] 2013NA1703721.67UrbanKhyber PakhtunkhwabothJan. 2012 to Dec. 201255.2944.7110ELISAMedium
Khan et al. [24]2015Cross-sectional180147.77UrbanKhyber PakhtunkhwaBothJun. 2013 to Jul. 201438.8961.11NANAMedium
Shah et al. [25] 2018NA324185.56UrbanKhyber PakhtunkhwaBothOct. 2013 to Mar. 201434.5060.2315.5RNAMedium
Younus et al. [26]2004Cross-sectional753242.00UrbanPunjabBothJul. to Sep. 200364.00366.5ELISAGood
Iqbal at el. [27]2010NA1415035.46UrbanPunjabBothSep. 2008 to Aug. 200958.2041.88ELISAMedium
Ain et al. [28]2011Cross-sectional30019565.00UrbanPunjabBothNA34.3365.6710NAMedium
Iqbal at el. [29]2013Cross-sectional954042.11UrbanPunjabBothOct. 2009 Apr. 201060.00409.2ELISAMedium
Din et al. [30]2014NA954547.00BothPunjabBothJul. 2017 to Sept. 201756.8453.687ELISAGood
Nazir et al. [31]2014NA2008241.00UrbanPunjabBothJan. 2013 to May 201312.00888.5ELISAMedium
Saeed et al. [32]2015Cross-sectional26214655.73UrbanPunjabBothNov. 2011 to Apr. 201240.0759.929.26ELISAMedium
Sheikh et al. [33]2015Cross-sectional1459968.27UrbanPunjabBothJan. 2009 to Dec. 200963.4536.559ELISAMedium
Khan et al. [34]2017Cross-sectional47021645.95UrbanPunjabBothMar. 2014 to Sep. 201465.9634.044.8ELISAMedium
Rashid et al. [35]2017Cross-sectional1302720.76UrbanPunjabBothJan. 2014 to Jun. 201460.00409.7ELISAMedium
Raza et al. [36]2018Cross-sectional2008241.00UrbanPunjabBothJan. 2015 to Dec. 201643.005710.11ELISAGood
Mujeeb et al. [37]1997NA914650.54UrbanSindhBothNA39.5660.4313NAMedium
Akhtar et al. [38]2002Cross-sectional3417020.50UrbanSindhBothJun-91NANA5RNAGood
Akhtar et al. [39]2004NA863844.20UrbanSindhBothNA31.4067.4412ELISAMedium
Riaz et al. [40]2011Cross-sectional793443.00UrbanSindhBothJul. 2009to Sep. 200941.7758.2312ELISAMedium
Ansari et al. [41]2012Cross-sectional1602113.10UrbanSindhBothJan. 2010 to Dec. 201049.3850.638.5ELISAMedium
Sultan et al. [42]2016Cross-sectional1002727.00UrbanSindhBothJun. 2011 to Jun. 201454.004615ELISAGood
Burki at el. [43]2005NA1807541.67UrbanPunjab + Khyber PakhtunkhwaBothJan. 2002 to Dec. 2003NANA6ELISAMedium
Kiani et al. [44]2016Cross-sectional125327321.71UrbanPunjab + SindhBothJul. 2015 to Dec. 201546.2153.7910.1NAMedium