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Table 1 Distribution of characteristics of young married Indian women by preferred waiting time for first childbirth

From: Desire to delay the first childbirth among young, married women in India: a cross-sectional study based on national survey data

 Proportion of women by preferred waiting time for first childbirth
N (%)
< 2 years
12,934 (78.50)
≥2 years
3541 (21.50)
p-value*
Age group (years)  < 0.01
 15–194700 (73.4)1695 (26.6)
 20–248234 (81.4)1846 (18.6)
Place of residence  < 0.01
 Rural10,036 (78.7)2739 (21.3)
 Urban2898 (76.6)802 (23.4)
Religion  < 0.01
 Hindu10,354 (77.2)3029 (22.8)
 Muslim1796 (83.3)342 (16.7)
 Other784 (81.1)170 (18.9)
Castea  < 0.01
 SC/ST4554 (79.7)1102 (20.3)
 OBC5691 (78.50)1642 (21.50)
 General2239 (75.4)687 (24.6)
Education level  < 0.01
 No education2251 (86.4)347 (13.6)
 Primary1453 (85.2)274 (14.8)
 Secondary7499 (77.1)2221 (22.9)
 Higher1731 (71.2)699 (28.8)
Wealth index  < 0.01
 Poorest2835 (79.2)677 (20.8)
 Poorer3028 (78.9)811 (21.1)
 Middle2721 (78.5)756 (21.5)
 Richer2372 (78.9)659 (21.1)
 Richest1978 (74.8)638 (25.2)
Media exposure to family planning  < 0.01
 No4753 (79.9)1149 (20.1)
 Yes8181 (77.3)2392 (22.7)
Age at marriage (years)  0.30
 0–173687 (77.7)1022 (22.3)
 18–249247 (78.4)2519 (21.6)
Husband’s education levelb  < 0.01
 No education240 (85.8)38 (14.2)
 Primary251 (81.6)44 (18.4)
 Secondary1322 (78.1)358 (21.9) 
 Higher389 (71.6)167 (28.4)
Age of husbandb (years)  < 0.01
 Mean25.0123.80
Age differenceb(years)  0.01
 Mean4.594.22
Physical IPVc  < 0.01
 No1105 (75.2)306 (24.8)
 Yes211 (88.1)29 (11.9)
Sexual IPVc  0.02
 No1248 (76.4)325 (23.6)
 Yes68 (85.9)10 (14.1)
Emotional IPVc  0.12
 No1219 (76.8)313 (23.2)
 Yes97 (77.0)22 (23.0)
Controlling behaviourc  0.99
 No627 (76.6)165 (23.4)
 Yes689 (77.0)170 (23.2)
  1. aData available only for 15,915 women due to missing values
  2. bData available only for 2822 women’s partners
  3. cData on intimate partner violence (IPV) were only collected from 1651 women out of the total sample
  4. *The significance level was p-value of less than 0.05