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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the participants (mean [SD] or %) and descriptives of the included measures, based on raw scores

From: Culture competence and mental health across different immigrant and refugee groups

Demographic Characteristics Norway USA TOTAL
Unaccompanied Refugee Sample n = 895 High School Sample n = 591 University Sample n = 321 n = 1807
Foreign born (%)
No 57.30 18.20
Yes 100.00 42.70 100.00 81.80
Gender (%)
 Male 81.90 42.60 31.50 60.10
 Female 18.10 57.40 68.50 39.90
Age
M 18.62 16.75 20.89 18.41
SD 2.63 1.47 2.23 2.65
Length of stay (in years)
M 3.44 14.36 10.41 8.17
SD 2.28 4.32 6.07 6.28
MCC
M 2.69 3.36 3.15 3.01
SD 0.60 0.64 0.65 0.69
MCC-Language
M 2.99 3.63 3.61 3.32
SD 0.64 0.61 0.65 0.70
MCC-Behavioral
M 2.61 3.28 3.02 2.92
SD 0.69 0.71 0.72 0.77
HCC
M 3.27 3.29 3.31 3.28
SD 0.50 0.65 0.56 0.57
HCC- Language
M 3.36 2.93 3.04 3.15
SD 0.71 0.91 0.86 0.84
HCC- Behavioral
M 3.24 3.39 3.39 3.32
SD 0.54 0.68 0.60 0.61
Depressive Symptoms
M 20.85 16.17 17.31 18.80
SD 9.50 11.26 10.54 10.48
  1. Notes. MCC Majority Culture Competence; HCC Heritage Culture Competence