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Table 1 Health and healthcare outcomes, by access dimension

From: Socio-economic inequalities in the multiple dimensions of access to healthcare: the case of South Africa

Access dimension Outcome Survey question
Healthcare need:
 Self-reported health (SRH) Binary: Very good and good 1, 0 otherwise In general how would you rate your health today? [AQ]
 World Health Organisation Disability Schedule (WHODASscore) Continuous In the last 30 days, how much difficulty did you have in …? (12 questions) [AQ]
 Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) Binary: Psychological distressed 1, 0 otherwise The following questions concern how you have been feeling over the past 30 days. (10 questions) [AQ]
 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Binary: PTSD 1, 0 otherwise In the past week, how much trouble have you had with the following symptoms? (17 questions) [AQ]
Perceived healthcare need:
 Needed care Binary: Needed care 1, 0 otherwise When was the last time you needed health care (from a doctor or hospital)? [AQ]
Healthcare seeking:
 Household healthcare postponed Binary: Household healthcare postponed 1, 0 otherwise In the last 12 months, have you put off or postponed getting the healthcare you need? [VPQ]
Availability:
 Household distance to a healthcare facility Binary: 0–10 Km away from a healthcare facility 1, 0 otherwise How far do you live from the nearest health clinic or hospital? [VPQ]
Healthcare reaching:
 Unmet need Binary: Unmet need 1, 0 otherwise The last time you needed health care, did you get health care? [AQ]
Affordability:
 Household difficulty affording cost of care Binary: Yes 1, 0 otherwise In the past 12 months, have you had difficulty affording the cost of necessary medical care? [VPQ]
 Household difficulty affording prescription medicine Binary: Yes 1, 0 otherwise In the past 12 months, have you had difficulty affording the cost of prescription medication? [VPQ]
Ability to pay:
 Household private medical insurance Binary: In my own name/ through a family member 1, 0 otherwise Do you have private medical aid/ health insurance either in your own name or through another family member? [VPQ]
Healthcare utilisation:
 Household private care Binary: Private 1, 0 otherwise Where do you usually get your healthcare from? [VPQ]
 Household public care Binary: Public 1, 0 otherwise  
 Individual private care Binary: Private doctor/hospital/clinic in the last year 1, 0 otherwise When was the last time that you received health care from a private doctor/hospital/clinic? [AQ]
 Individual public care Binary: Public doctor/hospital in the last year 1, 0 otherwise When was the last time that you received health care from a public doctor/hospital/clinic? [AQ]
 Overall individual care Binary: Individual private or public care in the last year 1, 0 otherwise  
Healthcare consequences:
 Healthcare service satisfaction Binary: Very satisfied and satisfied, 0 otherwise In general, how satisfied were you with how the health care services were run in your area? [AQ]
 Healthcare service provider satisfaction Binary: Very satisfied and satisfied, 0 otherwise How would you rate the way health was provided in your area? [AQ]
  1. AQ adult individual questionnaire, VPQ visiting point household questionnaire