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Table 2 Characteristics of conversation about alcohol in healthcare

From: Conversations about alcohol in healthcare – cross-sectional surveys in the Netherlands and Sweden

VariablesSwedenNetherlandsTotalp-value
AbstainersModerate drinkersRisky drinkersTotalAbstainersModerate drinkersRisky drinkers
N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%) 
Healthcare visits in the past 12 months(n = 284)(n = 1865)(n = 847)(n = 2996)(n = 351)(n = 1174)(n = 646)(n = 2171)<  0.001
 2 or more visits122 (43.0)694 (37.2)295 (34.8)1111 (37.1)189 (53.8)611 (52.0)295 (45.7)1095 (50.4) 
 1 visit88 (31.0)582 (31.2)259 (30.6)929 (31.0)68 (19.4)270 (23.0)144 (22.3)482 (22.2) 
 No visit74 (26.1)589 (31.6)293 (34.6)956 (31.9)94 (26.8)293 (25.0)207 (32.0)594 (27.3) 
Conversation about alcohol in healthcare in the past 12 months(n = 210)(n = 1276)(n = 554)(n = 2040)(n = 257)(n = 881)(n = 439)(n = 1577)<  0.001
 2 or more conversations16 (7.6)63 (4.9)40 (7.2)119 (5.8)18 (7.0)48 (5.4)33 (7.5)99 (6.3) 
 1 conversation40 (19.0)260 (20.4)115 (20.8)415 (20.3)21 (8.2)114 (12.9)63 (14.4)198 (12.6) 
 No conversation154 (73.3)953 (74.7)399 (72.0)1506 (73.8)218 (84.8)719 (81.6)343 (78.1)1280 (81.2) 
Duration of conversation about alcohol(n = 56)(n = 323)(n = 155)(n = 534)(n = 39)(n = 162)(n = 96)(n = 297)<  0.001
  < 1 min45 (80.4)207 (64.1)72 (46.5)324 (60.7)37 (94.9)132 (81.5)59 (61.5)228 (76.7) 
 1–4 min7 (12.5)94 (29.1)58 (37.4)159 (29.8)2 (5.1)28 (17.3)22 (22.9)52 (17.5) 
 5–10 min4 (7.1)18 (5.6)20 (12.9)42 (7.8)0 (0.0)2 (1.2)11 (11.5)13 (4.4) 
  > 10 min0 (0.0)4 (1.2)5 (3.2)9 (1.7)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)4 (4.1)4 (1.3) 
Contents of conversation about alcohol (use dichotomized variables) (affirmative answers)
 Verbal information about alcohol’s influence on health12 (21.4)80 (24.8)51 (32.9)143 (26.9)13 (33.3)22 (13.6)20 (20.8)55 (18.5)0.007
 Questions about my alcohol consumption49 (87.5)290 (89.8)130 (83.9)469 (87.9)32 (82.1)146 (90.1)87 (90.6)265 (89.2)0.560
 Questions about my willingness to reduce consumption0 (0.0)22 (6.8)28 (18.1)50 (9.3)2 (5.1)7 (4.3)21 (21.9)30 (10.1)0.717
 Advice on how to reduce my consumption0 (0.0)12 (3.7)20 (12.9)32 (6.0)2 (5.1)3 (1.9)9 (9.4)14 (4.7)0.447
 Written information about alcohol3 (5.4)25 (7.7)15 (9.7)43 (8.0)2 (5.1)0 (0.0)5 (5.2)7 (2.4)0.001
Experiences of conversation about alcohol (agreed completely or to a large degree)
 Provided valuable knowledge18 (32.1)87 (26.9)42 (27.1)147 (27.6)15 (38.5)39 (24.1)25 (26.0)79 (26.6)0.143
 It was informative22 (39.3)99 (30.6)47 (30.4)168 (31.5)18 (46.2)63 (38.9)33 (34.4)114 (38.4)0.082
 It was routine51 (91.1)302 (93.5)135 (87.1)488 (91.5)29 (74.4)125 (77.1)60 (62.5)214 (72.0)<  0.001
 It felt awkward3 (5.4)11 (3.4)19 (12.2)33 (6.2)4 (10.2)6 (3.7)8 (8.3)18 (6.1)0.786
 It was irritating4 (7.2)15 (4.6)13 (8.4)32 (5.9)2 (5.2)2 (1.2)16 (16.7)10 (3.4)0.119
 It was offensive1 (1.8)8 (2.4)11 (7.1)20 (3.8)XXXX 
 It felt judgmental1 (1.8)8 (2.4)11 (7.1)20 (3.8)2 (5.2)4 (2.4)3 (3.1)9 (3.0)0.769
Effects of conversation about alcohol (agreed completely or to a large degree)
 Had no effect at all44 (78.6)242 (74.9)92 (59.3)378 (70.5)31 (79.5)136 (83.9)60 (62.5)227 (76.4)0.217
 Made me consider my drinking2 (3.6)23 (6.8)27 (17.5)52 (9.5)3 (7.7)15 (9.3)21 (21.9)39 (13.1)0.335
 Gave me a better understanding of alcohol’s health risks6 (10.7)34 (10.5)25 (16.1)65 (12.1)13 (33.4)47 (29.0)33 (34.4)93 (31.3)<  0.001
 Led to increase in my drinking1 (1.8)6 (1.9)8 (5.2)15 (2.8)2 (5.2)3 (1.8)2 (2.1)7 (2.3)0.492
 Led to reduction of my drinking5 (8.9)24 (7.4)21 (13.5)50 (9.4)4 (10.3)20 (12.4)17 (17.7)41 (13.8)0.054
 Made me think about a friend’s drinking8 (14.3)37 (11.5)21 (13.5)66 (12.3)7 (18.0)12 (7.5)12 (12.5)31 (10.4)<  0.001