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Table 1 Burden of prehypertension and hypertension by participant characteristics (n = 5,985,185)

From: Burden of prehypertension among adults in Kenya: a retrospective analysis of findings from the Healthy Heart Africa (HHA) Programme

CharacteristicsNormalPrehypertensionHypertension
N = 1,478,920N = 3,262,387N = 1,243,878
Prevalence, % (CI)24.7 (±0.38)54.5% (±1.39)20.8 (±0.2)
Age (years)
 mean (SD)39 (±0.02)46(±0.02)51(±0.02)
Age group, %, (CI)
 18–25,n = 767,73045%(±0.1)47%(±0.3)8%(±0.6)
 26–35, n = 1,488,38835%(±0.1)53%(±0.2)12%(±0.1)
 36–45, n = 1,305,74025%(±0.4)57%(±0.3)18%(±0.3)
 46–55, n = 964,86315%(±0.5)58%(±0.6)27%(±0.4)
 56–65, n = 645,9129%(±0.3)57%(±0.4)34%(±0.5)
 65+, n = 534,3249%(±0.2)63%(±0.3)28%(±0.4)
Sex, % (CI)
 male, n = 2,057,69419%(±0.5)59%(±0.2)22%(±0.3)
 female, n = 3,903,06228%(±0.1)52%(±0.1)20%(±0.1)
Residence, %, (CI)
 Urban, n = 468,82022%(±0.3)55%(±0.2)24%(±0.4)
 Rural, n = 843,94414%(±0.3)57%(±0.2)29%(±0.2)