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Table 2 Knowledge of animal brucellosis among household heads from nomadic pastoralists and mixed farming households, 2012–2013

From: Comparison of knowledge, attitude, and practices of animal and human brucellosis between nomadic pastoralists and non-pastoralists in Kenya

VariableCategoryTotalNomadic PastoralistsMixed FarmersP-value
n (%)n (%)n (%)
Total households 575 (100.0)204 (35.5)371 (64.5) 
Are animals affected?aYes176 (36.7)53 (31.0)123 (39.9)< 0.001
No118 (24.6)61 (35.7)57 (18.5)
Don’t Know185 (38.6)57 (33.3)128 (41.6)
Which animals are affected?Cattle164 (28.6)33 (16.2)131 (35.5)< 0.001
Goats116 (20.2)60 (29.4)56 (15.2)< 0.001
Sheep74 (12.9)31 (15.2)43 (11.7)0.251
Camels26 (4.5)19 (9.3)7 (1.9)< 0.001
How brucellosis spread among animals?Ingestion of contaminated pasture3 (0.5)52 (25.5)91 (24.5)0.226
Sexually3 (0.5)1 (0.5)11 (3.0)0.064
Contact with wild animals1 (0.2)3 (1.5)4 (1.1)0.697
Others314 (54.8)91 (44.6)147 (39.8)0.307
Signs and symptoms of brucellosis?Abortion53 (9.3)38 (18.6)15 (4.1)< 0.001
Swollen joints33 (5.8)30 (14.7)3 (0.8)< 0.001
Reduced milk production23 (4.0)1 (0.49)22 (5.96)0.003
Swollen testes3 (0.5)0 (0.0)3 (0.8)0.556
Infertility3 (0.5)1 (0.5)2 (0.5)1
Retained placenta1 (0.2)1 (0.5)0 (0.0)0.356
Don’t know314 (58.8)76 (37.3)238 (64.5)< 0.001
How can brucellosis be prevented?Drug treatment70 (12.2)33 (16.2)37 (10.0)0.043
Vaccination57 (10.0)13 (6.4)44 (11.9)0.048
Slaughter2 (0.4)2 (1.0)0 (0.0)0.126
Don’t know287 (50.1)95 (46.6)192 (52.0)0.244
  1. aVariable has some missing data
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