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Table 1 Knowledge of human brucellosis among household heads from nomadic pastoralists and mixed farming households, 2012–2013

From: Comparison of knowledge, attitude, and practices of animal and human brucellosis between nomadic pastoralists and non-pastoralists in Kenya

VariableCategoryTotalNomadic PastoralistsMixed FarmersP-value
n (%)n (%)n (%)
Total households 575 (100.0)204 (35.5)371 (64.5) 
CountyKiambu350 (60.9)8 (3.92)342 (92.2)< 0.001
Marsabit225 (39.1)196 (96.1)29 (7.82)
Heard of brucellosisaYes479 (83.6)171 (83.8)308 (83.5)0.874
No89 (15.5)32 (15.7)57 (15.4) 
Are humans affected by brucellosisaYes431 (89.0)148 (86.0)283 (90.7)0.073
No11 (2.3)7 (4.07)4 (1.28) 
Don’t know42 (8.7)17 (9.9)25 (8.01) 
How do humans get brucellosis?Eating uncooked/ undercooked meat from an infected animal90 (15.7)11 (5.4)79 (21.4)< 0.001
Milking59 (10.3)6 (3.0)53 (14.4)< 0.001
Drinking/eating raw dairy products26 (4.5)3 (1.5)23 (6.2)0.016
Contact with aborted animal fetus13 (2.3)4 (2.0)9 (2.4)0.76
Herding10 (1.75)0 (0.0)10 (2.7)0.017
Slaughtering animals4 (0.7)0 (0.0)4 (1.1)0.304
Don’t know146 (25.5)68 (33.3)78 (21.1)0.003
Signs and symptoms of brucellosisChills437 (76.3)83 (40.7)354 (95.9)< 0.001
Lack of appetite195 (34.0)163 (79.9)32 (8.67)< 0.001
Joint pains102 (17.8)94 (46.1)8 (2.2)< 0.001
Fatigue76 (13.3)74 (36.3)2 (0.5)< 0.001
How is brucellosis prevented?Boiling milk104 (18.2)8 (3.9)96 (26.0)< 0.001
Medication54 (9.4)26 (12.7)28 (7.6)0.058
Vaccination15 (2.6)0 (0.0)15 (4.1)0.01
Other methods26 (4.5)5 (2.5)21 (5.7)0.115
  1. aVariable has some missing data
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