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Table 3 Multilevel analysis model with participants’ sociodemographic and household characteristics

From: The role of family factors in antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence self-efficacy among HIV-infected adolescents in southern Uganda

 95% Confidence Interval
VariableCoef.Std. Err.P > |z|LowerUpper
 Study group (Treatment)−0.8771.1080.428−3.0491.294
 Gender (female child)0.8920.9300.338−0.9312.716
 Age0.8350.2070.0000.4291.241
 Primary caregiver (ref: Biological Parent)
  Grandparents0.6801.1770.563−1.6272.987
  Other relatives2.1531.1600.063−0.1204.427
 Orphanhood status (ref: Both parents are alive)
  Single orphan0.1331.1000.904−2.0232.289
  Double orphan0.2781.4270.845−2.5183.074
 Household composition
  Number of adults−0.1320.2360.577− 0.5940.330
  Number of children0.1870.3230.56−0.4450.820
 Enrolled in school (yes)0.1221.0830.91−2.0002.244
 HIV status disclosure (ref: never)
  Sometimes3.1620.9840.0011.2335.091
  About half the time1.0952.0260.589−2.8765.065
  Most of the time1.3361.1310.238−0.8813.552
  Always5.2241.0460.0003.1757.273
 HIV medication regimen−0.5020.6060.408−1.6900.687
 Constant78.823.890.00071.19286.447
 Wald test: χ2(16, 702) = 84.2, p = 0.000
 95% Confidence Interval
Random-effects ParametersEstimateStd. Err LowerUpper
 Variance (Clinic)2.2612.523 0.25420.144
 Variance (Child ID)62.7428.365 48.31481.478
 Variance (Residuals)389.81610.741 369.322411.447
 LR test vs. linear models: χ2 (2, 702) =100.9, p = 0000