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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics of the study participants (N = 2261)

From: Prevalence and factors associated with double and triple burden of malnutrition among mothers and children in Nepal: evidence from 2016 Nepal demographic and health survey

VariablesMean + SD
Mother’s age (years)26.36 + 5.64
Child’s age (months)29.01 + 17.37
Mother’s age at 1st birth (year)19.83 + 3.34
Maternal factorscharacteristicsn(%)a
Age groups (years)15–24951 (41.14)
25–341104 (49.22)
> 35206 (9.64)
Age at 1st birth (years)< 191190 (52.77)
20–291039 (45.73)
> 3032 (1.50)
ProvinceProvince 1305 (16.27)
Province 2467 (25.89)
Province 3227 (15.61)
Province 4232 (8.01)
Province 5382 (18.93)
Province 6341 (6.57)
Province 7307 (8.71)
EducationNo education744 (33.68)
Primary423 (19.53)
Secondary744 (32.36)
higher350 (14.42)
OccupationAgriculture1120 (46.69)
No job855 (40.35)
Services286 (12.95)
Wealth statusPoor1052 (42.04)
Middle476 (22.02)
Rich733 (35.94)
HeightNormal height2046 (90)
Short stature215 (10)
Delivery by CSNo2071 (90.20)
Yes190 (9.80)
Father’s occupationAgriculture422 (19.32)
No job952 (41.9)
Services869 (38.78)
Father’s educationNo education310 (15.12)
Primary509 (22.79)
Secondary1000 (43.86)
higher422 (18.24)
Child factors
Child’s age (months)< 12 months514 (22.53)
13–23 months435 (19.18)
24–35 months427 (18.45)
36–47 months452 (20.11)
48–59 months433 (19.73)
Child’s sexMale1193 (52.71)
Female1068 (47.29)
Vitamin AYes1688 (74.52)
No573 (25.48)
DewormingYes1399 (59.82)
No862 (40.18)
Currently breastfeedingYes1824 (78.80)
No437 (21.20)
Birth weightAverage1510 (67.72)
Large350 (15.72)
Small396 (16.61)
OM/SC (n = 1027)Not stunted949 (91.70)
Stunted78 (8.30)
OM/UC(n = 1138)Not underweight1100 (96.63)
Underweight38 (3.37)
OM/WC(n = 1350)Not wasted1335 (98.75)
Wasted15 (1.25)
OM/AC(n = 751)Not anemic625 (81.11)
Anemic126 (18.89)
DBM(n = 1529)Normal1437 (93.4)
OWOBM/UC92 (6.60)
TBM(n = 1381)Normal1293 (93)
OWOBM/UC/AC88 (7.00)
  1. a Frequency are unweighted; percentage are weighted
  2. OM/SC Overweight/obese mother and stunted child
  3. OM/WC Overweight/obese mother and wasted child
  4. OM/UC Overweight/obese mother and underweight child
  5. OM/AC Overweight/obese mother and anemic child
  6. DBM Double burden of malnutrition (Overweight/obese mother and undernourished child (stunted or wasted or underweight) at the same household
  7. TBM Triple burden of malnutrition (Overweight/obese mother and undernourished and anemic child) at the same household
  8. CS Caesarean section