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Table 1 Demographics of sample for study 1: individuals who do not engage regularly in arts activities

From: Barriers and enablers to engagement in participatory arts activities amongst individuals with depression and anxiety: quantitative analyses using a behaviour change framework

 Neither
n = 1851
Individuals with depression
n = 873
Individuals with anxiety
n = 808
p
Age, %   <.001
 18–309.610.014.6 
 31–4940.743.948.5 
 50–6436.536.130.9 
 65+13.210.15.9 
Gender, % female55.356.067.2<.001
Ethnicity, % white British87.088.087.1.78
Employment, %   <.001
 In full-time employment5757.363.0 
 In part-time employment22.922.122.5 
 Retired15.511.58.2 
 Not working4.79.26.3 
Educational attainment, %   .05
 No qualifications3.74.03.8 
 Qualifications to age 1611.413.111.3 
 Qualifications to age 1812.914.714.1 
 Degree/post-school qualification45.444.340.5 
 Postgraduate degree26.623.930.3 
Household income, %   <.001
  < £16,0006.312.16.3 
 £16,000–£29,99917.220.615.8 
 £30,000–£59,99935.334.838.4 
 £60,000–£89,99921.918.922.9 
 £90,000–£119,9999.86.39.3 
  > £120,0009.57.27.3 
Type of area of dwelling, %   .60
 City30.633.832.2 
 Town43.741.742.1 
 Village20.819.821.8 
 Isolated dwelling4.94.74.0 
Frequency of socialising, %   <.001
 Once or twice a year5.810.15.0 
 Every few months17.021.918.8 
 Once or twice a month32.633.634.4 
 Once or twice a week34.329.934.5 
 Three or more times a week10.34.67.3 
Number of days exercise in past week, mean (SD)3.9 (2.1)3.3 (2.0)3.7 (2.0)<.001
Chronic or long-standing illness, %11.418.413.1<.001
Chronic pain, %   <.001
 None71.761.165.4 
 Mild21.327.024.4 
 Moderate6.010.19.4 
 Severe1.01.80.9 
Mobility problems, %3.96.33.2.003
Extravert personality, mean (SD)10.0 (2.3)9.7 (2.1)10.0 (2.1)<.001
Open personality, mean (SD)11.0 (2.1)11.0 (2.1)11.1 (2.1).44
Agreeable personality, mean (SD)11.2 (2.6)10.9 (2.4)10.7 (2.5)<.001
Conscientious personality, mean (SD)12.0 (1.8)11.6 (1.9)12.0 (1.9)<.001
Neurotic personality, mean (SD)9.5 (2.3)9.9 (2.3)10.9 (2.3)<.001
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