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Table 1 Prevalence of overweight and obesity by characteristics of participants

From: Socioeconomic - related inequalities in overweight and obesity: findings from the PERSIAN cohort study

VariablesStudy population (%)OverweightObesity
Frequency
(crude prevalence)
Age and sex standardized prevalenceAdjusted OR (95% CI)Frequency (crude prevalence)Age and sex standardized prevalenceAdjusted OR (95% CI)
SexMale57,614 (44.57)24,765 (42.98)42.98*1.0010,805 (18.75)18.79*1.00
Female71,643 (55.43)27,923 (38.98)38.95*0.78 (0.82–0.86)28,532 (39.83)39.85*2.83 (2.73–2.92)
Age groups
(years)
35–4445,809 (35.44)18,980 (41.43)41.47**1.0013,144 (28.69)28.41**1.00
45–5443,481 (33.64)17,578 (40.43)40.43**0.98 (0.96–1.01)14,537 (33.43)33.38**1.31 (1.26–1.34)
55–6431,573 (24.43)12,732 (40.33)40.24**1.01 (0.98–1.04)9511 (30.12)30.55**1.14 (1.11–1.18)
> = 658394 (6.49)3398 (40.48)40.31**1.04 (0.99–1.09)2145 (25.55)26.28**0.89 (0.84–0.94)
Marital statusSingle2910 (2.25)1017 (34.95)37.371.0014,537 (33.43)16.071.00
Married117,521 (90.92)48,368 (41.16)41.011.23 (1.14–1.33)35,539 (30.24)30.962.61 (2.36–2.89)
Widowed and divorced8826 (6.83)3303 (37.42)37.911.19 (1.09–1.3)3304 (8.4)27.392.54 (2.28–2.84)
SmokingNo101,136 (78.24)41,779 (41.31)42.271.0034,134 (33.75)31.021.00
Current smoker18,115 (14.01)6522 (36)34.210.73 (0.7–0.76)2841 (15.68)24.030.68 (0.65–0.72)
Former smoker10,006 (7.74)4387 (43.84)40.140.99 (0.94–1.03)2362 (23.61)32.011.07 (1.02–1.13)
Physical activityGood52,681(40.75)21,292 (40.42)40.321.0013,928 (26.44)27.691.00
 Poor76,576(59.25)31,396 (40.99)41.301.02 (0.99–1.04)25,409 (33.18)32.631.35 (1.31–1.38)
Hookah smokingNo114,949 (88.93)46,579 (40.52)40.651.0035,602 (30.97)30.111.00
Yes14,308 (11.07)6109 (42.7)40.110.73 (0.71–0.76)3735 (26.1)32.451.28(1.23–1.34)
Drug abuseNo113,812 (88.05)47,221 (41.49)41.871.0036,631 (32.19)30.981.00
Yes15,445 (11.95)5467 (35.4)34.860.73 (0.71–0.76)2706 (17.52)29.660.91 (0.87–0.96)
Alcohol consumptionNo117,559 (90.95)47,690 (40.57)40.781.0037,011 (31.48)30.381.00
Yes11,698 (9.05)4998 (42.73)42.811.14 (1.09–1.19)2326 (19.88)27.691.05 (1.01–1.11)
ProvincesKermanshah10,040 (7.77)4355 (43.38)43.371.002710 (26.99)27.151.00
Hormozgan3285 (2.54)1278 (38.9)38.950.82 (0.76–0.89)786 (23.93)23.150.77 (0.71–0.84)
Fars22,939 (17.75)8927 (38.92)39.040.93 (0.88–0.97)13,165 (18.47)18.610.61 (0.57–0.64)
Sistan and Baluchestan8152 (6.31)3100 (38.03)37.530.81 (0.75–0.85)2234 (27.4)26.460.85 (0.79–0.91)
Razavi Khorasan2868 (2.22)1333(46.48)46.820.97 (0.89–1.06)619 (21.58)23.580.73 (0.65–0.81)
Kerman9885 (7.65)4061 (41.08)41.110.89 (0.84–0.95)2978 (30.13)30.461.08 (1.01–1.15)
Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari6655 (5.15)3101(46.6)46.121.02 (0.96–1.09)1866 (28.04)29.031.01 (0.94–1.09)
Mazandaran10,252 (7.93)4348 (42.41)42.750.92 (0.87–0.97)3430 (33.45)32.571.35 (1.26–1.43)
Guilan10,494 (8.12)4192 (39.95)39.890.91 (0.86–0.96)3423 (32.62)33.111.34 (1.26–1.43)
Yazd9388 (7.26)3983 (42.43)41.950.93 (0.88–0.99)3190 (33.98)35.491.41 (1.31–1.49)
Khouzestan8991 (6.96)3319 (36.91)37.280.78 (0.74–0.83)3497 (38.89)37.941.61 (1.51–1.72)
West Azerbaijan3172 (2.54)1240 (39.09)39.570.88 (0.81–0.96)1172 (36.95)35.291.66 (1.52–1.81)
East Azerbaijan14,958 (11.57)6130 (40.98)40.970.89 (0.84–0.94)5629 (37.63)37.661.63 (1.54–1.73)
Ardabil8178 (6.33)3321 (40.61)40.610.84 (0.79–0.91)3565 (43.59)43.532.05 (1.92–2.19)
Socioeconomic
Status
1st quintile (the lowest)25,995 (20.11)9509 (36.58)35.881.006751 (25.97)23.571.00
2nd quintile25,901 (20.04)10,004 (38.62)38.611.06()1.03–1.11)7943 (30.67)29.821.25 (1.21–1.31)
3rd quintile25,819 (19.97)10,144 (39.29)39.311.08(1.04–1.12)8787 (34.03)33.881.41 (1.35–1.47)
4th quintile25,778 (19.94)10,597 (42.51)42.121.21(1.17–1.26)8583 (33.3)34.681.40 (1.34–1.46)
5th quintile (the highest)25,764 (19.93)12,074 (46.86)45.751,39(1.33–1.45)7273 (28.23)31.281.15 (1.11–1.21)
Total 129,257 (100)52,688 (40.76)  39,337 (30.43)  
  1. * Sex comparisons are standardized for age. **Age comparisons are standardized for sex
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