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Table 2 Awareness rate of echinococcosis-related knowledge among residents of Xizang Autonomous Region, China, 2018 (N = 840)

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding echinococcosis in Xizang Autonomous Region, China

ThemeVariablesNumber of awarenessRate (%)
Routes of human infectionHave you ever heard of echinococcosis?82698.3
Contaminated food by dog manure containing insect eggs can cause disease in humans or livestock75990.4
Contaminated water by dog manure containing insect eggs can cause disease in humans or livestock74588.7
Cannot be transmitted by human-to-human39146.5
Besides dogs, wolves and foxes can also transmit echinococcosis58669.8
Routes of dogs infectionCan be transmitted by dog-to-dog21325.4
Cannot be transmitted by human-to-dog42250.2
Dogs are infected by eating the uncooked viscera of sick cattle and sheep70483.8
DamageDamage to human health79394.4
Cause reduction of cattle and sheep production70483.8
PreventionExpelling parasite for dogs65177.5
Cannot feed dogs with uncooked viscera of livestock72286.0
Handle dog manure (be burned or deeply buried)69382.5
Don’t be in close contact with dogs in life (such as kissing or touching)69082.1
Wash hands frequently and before meals to develop good personal hygiene habits77191.8