Skip to main content

Table 3 Adjusted means (95% CI) of outcome variables between urban and rural children

From: The relationship between living in urban and rural areas of Scotland and children’s physical activity and sedentary levels: a country-wide cross-sectional analysis

Outcome variableaUrban (n = 591) mean (95% CI)Rural (n = 145) mean (95% CI)Diff mean (95% CI)
Mean Daily total activity, CPM644.7658.0−13.23
(622.9; 666.6)(620.9; 695.1)(− 53.84; 27.37)
Mean Weekday CPM643.7669.9−26.25
(623.3; 664.0)(633.2; 706.6)(− 68.55; 16.05)
Mean Weekend CPM641.4618.922.53
(601.0; 681.9)(556.9; 680.8)(−38.17; 83.24)
Mean Daily Light Physical Activity, LPA (mins)252.0265.1−13.08*
(247.7; 256.3)(255.8; 274.3)(−23.05; −3.10)
Mean Weekday LPA262.1275.6−13.45*
(257.3; 266.9)(265.6; 285.5)(−24.09; − 2.81)
Mean Weekend LPA223.1235.9−12.81*
(217.3; 228.9)(224.5; 247.3)(−24.91; −0.72)
Mean Daily MVPA (mins)72.373.5−1.20
(69.5; 75.0)(68.7; 78.3)(−6.55; 4.14)
Mean Weekday MVPA74.877.6−2.77
(72.0; 77.7)(72.6; 82.6)(−8.32; 2.77)
Mean Weekend MVPA64.861.03.79
(60.8; 68.8)(54.5; 67.6)(−3.53; 11.11)
Mean Daily Sedentary time, ST (mins)453.9439.714.27*
(447.9; 459.9)(428.3; 451.0)(2.23; 26.32)
Mean Weekday ST462.1445.916.22*
(455.8; 468.4)(433.8; 457.9)(3.47; 28.98)
Mean Weekend ST428.9419.89.04
(420.9; 436.9)(406.2; 433.5)(−4.92; 23.00)
  1. MVPA Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity, LPA Light Physical Activity, ST Sedentary Time
  2. Due to rounding and decimal places, differences may not match subtractions; *p < 0.05
  3. aMarginal means, adjusted for household equivalised income, sex, body mass index (BMI), distance to school (metres), mean wear time per day, walkability z score, number of valid days, and season of measurement