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Table 1 Baseline characteristics compared between WLZ categories, ENSIN 2010

From: Associations between maternal BMI, breastfeeding practices and infant anthropometric status in Colombia; secondary analysis of ENSIN 2010

 Overall (n = 5030)WLZ
Wasting <−2 SD (n = 74)Normal ≥ − 2 SD, ≤ + 2 SD (n = 4663)Overweight > + 2 SD (n = 293)OR95% CIp value
/Difference
Sociodemographic characteristics (n, %)
 Type of place of residence
  Rural1841 (36.6)27 (36.5)1706 (36.6)108 (36.9)0.98 b0.77, 1.260.92
  Urban3189 (63.4)47 (63.5)2957 (63.4)185 (63.1)0.99 a0.62, 1.600.98
 Wealth index
  Poorer and poorest3167 (63)54 (73)2937 (63)176 (60.1)1.35 a0.72, 2.530.35
    1.03 b0.75, 1.430.82
  Middle945 (18.8)12 (16.2)882 (18.9)51 (17.4)1  
  Richer and richest918 (18.3)8 (10.8)844 (18.1)66 (22.5)0.54 a0.26, 1.130.13
    1.35 b0.92, 1.970.12
Maternal characteristics
 Age (y) (mean, SD)26.6, (±6.3)28 (±6.3)26.6 (±6.3)26.3 (±6.1)−1.4 a−3.2, 0.350.16
    0.3 b−0.61, 1.210.99
 Maternal education (y) (mean, SD)8.4, (±3.9)6.9 (±4.3)8.3 (±3.9)9.1 (±3.6)1.4 a0.31, 2.540.01*
    −0.8 b−1.4, − 0.250.002*
 Ethnicity (n, %)
  Minorities1406 (28)22 (29.7)1294 (27.8)90 (30.7)0.92 a0.55, 1.510.69
  Mestizo3624 (72)52 (70.3)3369 (72.2)203 (69.3)1.15 b0.89, 1.490.27
 Currently working (n, %)
  Yes2047 (40.7)29 (39.2)1888 (40.5)130 (44.4)0.94 a0.59, 1.500.81
  No2983 (59.3)45 (60.8)2775 (59.5)163 (55.6)1.17 b0.92, 1.48 
 Mother lives with the partner (n, %)
  Yes3816 (75.9)56 (75.7)3527 (75.6)233 (79.5)0.99 a0.58, 1.690.53
  No1214 (24.1)18 (24.3)1136 (24.4)60 (20.5)1.25 b0.93, 1.670.13
Pregnancy conditions       
 Alcohol at pregnancy (n = 4577) (n, %) n = 74n = 4577n = 291   
  Yes451 (9)6 (8.1)412 (9)33 (11.3)0.87 a0.38, 2.030.48
  No4491 (89.3)68 (91.9)4165 (91)258 (88.7)1.29 b0.88, 1.880.18
 Smoked at pregnancy (n = 4577) (n, %) n = 74n = 4577n = 291   
  Yes105 (2.1)3 (4.1)95 (2.1)7 (2.4)1.97 a0.61, 6.370.21
  No4837 (96.2)71 (95.9)4482 (97.9)284 (97.6)1.16 b0.53, 2.520.70
 Caesarean section delivery (n, %)       
  Yes1579 (31.4)21 (28.4)1441 (30.9)117 (39.9)0.86 a0.52, 1.440.62
  No3451 (68.6)53 (71.6)3222 (69.1)176 (60.1)1.49 b1.17, 1.89< 0.001**
Infant caractetistics
 Birth weight (kg)(n = 3877) (mean, SD) n = 53n = 3585n = 239   
3.3, (±0.5)3.2 (±0.6)3.3 (±0.5)3.4 (±0.5)0.08 a−0.08, 0.250.68
    −0.17 b−0.25, − 0.090.001**
 Gender (n, %)
  Male2605 (51.8)40 (54.1)2416 (51.8)149 (50.9)0.91 a0.57, 1.440.73
  Female2425 (48.2)34 (45.9)2247 (48.2)144 (49.1)0.96 b0.76, 1.210.75
Infant age (months) (mean, SD)12.1, (±7.1)8.9 (±6.9)12.3 (±7.1)11.1 (±6.9)3.39 a1.41, 5.370.001**
    1.14 b0.12, 2.150.02*
  1. Comparisons performed with χ2 test or Kruskall-Wallis test (all the continuous variables non-parametric distributed) as appropriate
  2. a Comparisons between normal and wasting
  3. b Comparisons between normal and overweight
  4. * Significance at the level of p < 0.05
  5. ** Significance at the level of p < 0.001