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Table 3 Built environment predictors of health-related behaviors and outcomes

From: Health and the built environment in United States cities: measuring associations using Google Street View-derived indicators of the built environment

Street Greenness Crosswalk
 Coef.SEp95% CI Coef.SEp95% CI
 Obesity
  Tertile 20.7970.095< 0.0010.6110.983*1.3180.225< 0.0010.8761.760*
  Tertile 30.9290.117< 0.0010.7001.157*−0.8130.219< 0.001−1.242− 0.384*
  SEP2.3450.081< 0.0012.1872.503 2.4690.079< 0.0012.3132.624 
 Diabetes
  Tertile 20.0020.0380.961−0.0730.077 0.3540.087< 0.0010.1840.524*
  Tertile 30.0090.0460.852−0.0820.099 −0.1740.0850.040−0.340−0.008*
  SEP1.6650.036< 0.0011.5941.736 1.7050.036< 0.0011.6341.776 
 Physical Distress
  Tertile 2−0.0620.0410.128−0.1420.018 0.5070.096< 0.0010.3200.695*
  Tertile 3−0.1430.0490.004−0.239− 0.047*0.4380.093< 0.0010.2560.621*
  SEP2.5350.038< 0.0012.4612.608 2.5400.038< 0.0012.4662.614 
 Mental Distress
  Tertile 2−0.0750.0380.047− 0.149− 0.001*0.4990.090< 0.0010.3230.676*
  Tertile 3−0.1240.0460.007−0.214− 0.034*0.5590.087< 0.0010.3880.730*
  SEP2.2300.033< 0.0012.1652.294 2.2240.033< 0.0012.1592.289 
 Physical Inactivity
  Tertile 20.0010.0900.995−0.1770.178 0.5020.1910.0090.1270.877*
  Tertile 3−0.0190.1060.860−0.2270.189 −1.1240.188< 0.001−1.494− 0.755*
  SEP4.4990.078< 0.0014.3464.652 4.6300.078< 0.0014.4784.782 
 Binge Drinking
  Tertile 2−0.7210.064< 0.001− 0.847− 0.594*1.5770.138< 0.0011.3071.848*
  Tertile 3−0.9120.083< 0.001−1.074− 0.749*3.0050.133< 0.0012.7433.266*
  SEP−0.8730.055< 0.001− 0.980− 0.765 − 0.9680.053< 0.001−1.073− 0.864 
Not Single-Family Home Single Lane Road
 Coef.SEp95% CI Coef.SEp95% CI
 Obesity
  Tertile 2−0.7530.125< 0.001−0.999− 0.508*2.2020.096< 0.0012.0142.389*
  Tertile 3−2.5350.127< 0.001−2.783−2.286*3.3780.110< 0.0013.1623.594*
  SEP2.4890.080< 0.0012.3332.645 2.5010.078< 0.0012.3482.654 
 Diabetes
  Tertile 2−0.1990.049< 0.001−0.295−0.104*0.3080.040< 0.0010.2310.386*
  Tertile 3−0.4370.051< 0.001−0.537− 0.338*0.7220.045< 0.0010.6340.810*
  SEP1.6940.036< 0.0011.6231.766 1.7030.036< 0.0011.6321.774 
 Physical Distress
  Tertile 20.0010.0520.979−0.1010.103 0.0480.0420.257−0.0350.131 
  Tertile 3−0.0860.0540.109−0.1910.019 0.2690.048< 0.0010.1750.362*
  SEP2.5460.037< 0.0012.4732.620 2.5520.037< 0.0012.4792.625 
 Mental Distress
  Tertile 20.1100.0490.0260.0130.206*−0.1290.0390.001−0.206−0.052 
  Tertile 30.0960.0500.057−0.0030.195§−0.0790.0440.076−0.1650.008§
  SEP2.2290.033< 0.0012.1652.294 2.2280.033< 0.0012.1632.292 
 Physical Inactivity
  Tertile 2−0.6370.110< 0.001−0.853− 0.421*0.7670.095< 0.0010.5810.953 
  Tertile 3−0.9500.115< 0.001−1.175−0.726*1.8960.104< 0.0011.6932.100 
  SEP4.5580.078< 0.0014.4054.711 4.5990.078< 0.0014.4474.751 
 Binge Drinking
  Tertile 20.1400.0870.107−0.0300.311 −0.7200.066< 0.001−0.850− 0.590*
  Tertile 31.1890.087< 0.0011.0191.359*−0.9010.075< 0.001−1.048−0.754*
  SEP−0.9280.054< 0.001−1.034−0.821 −0.8900.054< 0.001−0.997−0.784 
Visible Wires
 Coef.SEp95% CI       
 Obesity
  Tertile 20.1910.1250.127−0.0540.436       
  Tertile 3−0.4150.1200.001−0.651−0.180*      
  SEP2.3850.082< 0.0012.2262.545       
 Diabetes
  Tertile 20.2180.047< 0.0010.1270.309*      
  Tertile 30.5140.046< 0.0010.4230.605*      
  SEP1.5850.037< 0.0011.5121.657       
 Physical Distress
  Tertile 20.2720.051< 0.0010.1730.371*      
  Tertile 30.7380.050< 0.0010.6410.836*      
  SEP2.4230.038< 0.0012.3492.496       
 Mental Distress
  Tertile 20.1710.0490.0010.0740.267*      
  Tertile 30.4710.047< 0.0010.3790.564*      
  SEP2.1590.033< 0.0012.0942.224       
 Physical Inactivity
  Tertile 20.6880.108< 0.0010.4780.899*      
  Tertile 31.0010.109< 0.0010.7881.214*      
  SEP4.3560.079< 0.0014.2014.510       
 Binge Drinking
  Tertile 20.4870.090< 0.0010.3100.664*      
  Tertile 30.7320.084< 0.0010.5670.896*      
  SEP−0.9410.056< 0.001−1.050−0.831       
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. §p < 0.10
  3. SEP Composite economic factor for socioeconomic position