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Table 5 Factors influencing risk perception towards Lassa fever infection among residents of affected communities in Abakaliki LGA, South Eastern Nigeria 2019

From: Knowledge and risk perception towards Lassa fever infection among residents of affected communities in Ebonyi State, Nigeria: implications for risk communication

CovariatesCrude OR (95%CI)P valueAdjusted OR (95%CI)P value
aHigh/Low Perceived Susceptibility
 Age Below 35 years0.7 (0.4–1.1)0.1300.6 (0.3–1.0)0.062
 Male0.7 (0.4–1.1)0.1680.6 (0.4–1.0)0.053
 Married0.9 (0.5–1.6)0.881 
 Primary Education or less1.6 (0.8–3.2)0.293 
 Good Knowledge2.2 (1.4–3.7)0.0032.0 (1.25–3.3)0.003
aHigh/Low Perceived Severity
 Age Below 35 years1.1 (0.5–2.6)1.000 
 Male1.4 (0.5–3.4)0.665 
 Married0.8 (0.3–2.1)0.845 
 Primary Education or less2.1 (0.5–9.4)0.394 
 Good Knowledge3.0 (1.2–7.8)0.003 
aHigh/Low Perceived Benefit
 Age Below 35 years0.8 (0.5–1.3)0.428 
 Male0.8 (0.5–1.2)0.305 
 Married0.9 (0.6–1.5)0.855 
 Primary Education or less1.0 (0.5–1.8)1.000 
 Good Knowledge2.1 (1.3–3.3)0.002 
aHigh/Low Perceived Barrier
 Age Below 35 years1.3 (0.8–2.0)0.446 
 Male1.2 (0.7–1.9)0.585 
 Married1.2 (0.7–2.0)0.648 
 Primary Education or less0.9 (0.5–1.7)0.896 
 Good Knowledge0.9 (0.6–1.5)0.779 
aHigh/Low Perceived Self Efficacy
 Age Below 35 years1.4 (0.8–2.5)0.313 
 Male0.7 (0.4–1.3)0.288 
 Married0.6 (0.3–1.1)0.141 
 Primary Education or less0.8 (0.4–1.6)0.626 
 Good Knowledge1.2 (0.7–2.2)0.595 
  1. aOutcome variables with Low perceived susceptibility, low perceived severity, low perceived benefit, low perceived barrier and low perceived self -efficacy functioning as reference