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Table 2 Model variables associated with osteoporosis self-management behaviors (N = 571)

From: Applying the information–motivation–behavioral model to explore the influencing factors of self-management behavior among osteoporosis patients

VariablesRangeX¯ ± SDAdjustedβ (95%CI)
InformationOP Knowledge Test (OKT)0~3215.85 ± 6.180.65 (0.54–0,75) ***
Nutrition subscale0~268.62 ± 4.080.82 (0.69–0.95) ***
Exercise subscale0~2013.26 ± 5.110.83 (0.66–1.00) ***
Motivation--PersonalOP Health Belief Scale (OHBS)42~210147.33 ± 17.910.22 (0.18–0.25) ***
Susceptibility6~3020.65 ± 4.250.38 (0.20–0.55) ***
Seriousness6~3019.30 ± 4.670.21 (0.04–0.36) **
Benefits Exercise6~3022.70 ± 4.130.76 (0.59–0.93) ***
Benefits Calcium Intake6~3022.09 ± 4.330.47 (0.30–0.64) ***
Barriers Exercise6~3020.26 ± 3.850.63 (0.44–0.81) ***
Barriers Calcium Intake6~3020.26 ± 3.920.63 (0.45–0.81) ***
Health Motivation6~3022.07 ± 4.270.93 (0.77–1.09) ***
Motivation--SocialMedical system support11~5543.53 ± 7.850.56 (0.48–0.65) ***
Behavioral skillsOP Self-Efficacy Scale (OSES)0~210127.55 ± 40.530.13 (0.11–0.14) ***
Exercise subscale0~10054.64 ± 22.140.21 (0.18–0.24) ***
Calcium Intake subscale0~11072.91 ± 24.090.19 (0.16–0.22) ***
BehaviorOP Self-management behaviors11~5534.73 ± 9.09 
  1. 95% CI: 95% confidence interval; Adjusted β: the results of the linear regression analysis were standardized and adjusted for gender, education, income, family history, OP duration
  2. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001