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Table 1 Participants’ sociodemographic characteristics and their associations with osteoporosis self-management behaviors (N = 571)

From: Applying the information–motivation–behavioral model to explore the influencing factors of self-management behavior among osteoporosis patients

Socio-demographicsNumber of participants
N (row%)
β (95%CI)
Gender
 Male110(19.3%)1
 Female461(80.7%)2.28 (0.394–4.166)*
Age group (years)
 45–5960(10.5%)1
 60–74348(60.9%)0.110 (−0.422–4.520)
 ≥ 75163(28.5%)−0.046 (−3.603–1.735)
BMI (kg/m2) a
 < 18.517(03.0%)−0.585 (−5.032–3.386)
 18.5–23.9328(57.4%)1
 24–27.9192(33.6%)−0.507 (−2.132–1.117)
 ≥ 2834(06.0%)−1.291 (−4.512–1.930)
Highest education level
 Primary or below133(23.3%)1
 Middle school192(33.6%)5.166 (3.236–7.095)***
 Senior high school148(25.9%)6.253 (4.209–8.297)***
 College degree or above98(17.2%)7.395 (5.117–9.672)***
Current marital status
 Married504(88.3%)1.184 (−1.136–3.505)
 Single, divorced or widowed67(11.7%)1
Income
 < 3000189(33.1%)1
 3000–6000344(60.2%)2.544 (0.947–4.141)**
 > 600038(06.7%)2.571 (1.003–4.140)**
Had family history of OP
 No466(81.6%)1
 Yes105(18.4%)2.802 (0.887–4.718)***
OP duration (years)
 < 5445(77.9%)1
 5–987(15.2%)0.739 (−1.345–2.823)
 ≥ 1039(06.8%)1.869 (0.385–3.354)*
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001
  2. abody mass index