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Table 1 Prevalence, univariate odds ratios (ORs), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for potential predictors of falling

From: Development of a fall-risk assessment profile for community-dwelling older adults by using the National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan

VariableNumberMissing rate(%)PrevalenceOR95% CI of OR (p-value)
fallerNot faller
Total15986758 19.1  
Gender  0   
 Male6173295 15.8Reference
 Female9813463 22.11.51*1.35–1.69(< 0.01)
Age  0   
 65–75 years old7923917 16.8Reference
  ≥ 75 years old8062841 22.11.40*1.26–1.57(< 0.01)
Area  0.28   
 Non-urbanized12555241 19.3Reference
 Urbanized3371500 18.30.940.82–1.07 (0.34)
Education  0.78   
 Not high14345662 20.2Reference
 High1541041 12.90.58*0.49–0.70(< 0.01)
Living alone  0   
 No13746019 18.6Reference
 Yes224739 23.31.33*1.13–1.56(< 0.01)
Marital status  0   
 Married8864320 17.0Reference
 Single or others7122438 22.61.43*1.28–1.59(< 0.01)
Working status  0   
 Working1741069 14.0Reference
 Retired or others14245689 20.01.53*1.29–1.81(< 0.01)
Income  4.61   
  ≥ 30,0007323307 18.1Reference
  < 30,0007993133 20.31.15*1.03–1.29 (0.01)
Diabetes  0.14   
 No12035462 18.0Reference
 Yes3911288 23.31.38*1.21–1.57(< 0.01)
Hyperlipidemia  1.40   
 No11485095 18.4Reference
 Yes4151581 20.81.17*1.03–1.32 (0.02)
Asthma  0   
 No14906396 18.9Reference
 Yes108362 23.01.28*1.03–1.60 (0.03)
Cardiovascular disease  0   
 No12285633 17.9Reference
 Yes3701125 24.71.51*1.32–1.72(< 0.01)
Osteoporosis  0.22   
 No11085298 17.3Reference
 Yes4861446 25.21.61*1.42–1.82(< 0.01)
Psycho disease  0   
 No15426582 19.0Reference
 Yes56176 24.11.36*1.002–1.85 (0.04)
Epilepsy  0   
 No15896744 19.1Reference
 Yes914 39.12.73*1.18–6.31 (0.02)
Parkinson’s disease  0.13   
 No15396644 18.8Reference
 Yes52110 32.12.04*1.46–2.85(< 0.01)
Dementia  0   
 Noa14826550 18.5Reference
 Yes116208 35.82.46*1.95–3.11(< 0.01)
Osteoarthritis  0   
 Noa13075921 18.1Reference
 Yes291837 25.81.58*1.36–1.83(< 0.01)
Urinary incontinence  0.34   
 No10685321 16.7Reference
 Yes5231416 27.01.84*1.63–2.08(< 0.01)
Hypertension  0.12   
 No7393561 17.2Reference
 Yes8553191 21.11.29*1.16–1.44(< 0.01)
Visual impairment  0.11   
 No2771288 17.7Reference
 Yes13215461 19.51.130.98–1.30 (0.11)
Hearing impairment  0.04   
 No11925486 17.8Reference
 Yes4061269 24.21.47*1.30–1.67(< 0.01)
Paralysis of limbs  0.69   
 No13816183 18.3Reference
 Yes203531 27.71.71*1.44–2.03(< 0.01)
Self-report health status  9.16   
 Health4883248 13.1Reference
 poor8962959 23.22.02*1.79–2.28(< 0.01)
Pain  2.42   
 No5193386 13.3Reference
 Yes10533196 24.82.15*1.92–2.41(< 0.01)
Hospital visit in the past year  0   
 No9405337 15.0Reference
 Yes6581421 31.62.63*2.34–2.95(< 0.01)
BMI  9.72   
  > 246962848 19.6Reference
  ≤ 247243276 18.10.900.81–1.02 (0.09)
ADLs  0.08   
  < 3 activities12996135 17.5Reference
  ≥ 3 activities299616 32.72.29*1.97–2.67(< 0.01)
IADLs  0.3   
 Good8334767 14.9Reference
 Poor7611970 27.92.21*1.98–2.47(< 0.01)
Mobility  0.35   
 Good4333414 11.3Reference
 Poor11613319 25.92.76*2.45–3.11(< 0.01)
Regular exercise  3.47   
 No14456050 19.3Reference
 Yes82489 14.40.70*0.55–0.89(< 0.01)
Alcohol consumer  0.37   
 No14345767 19.9Reference
 Yes157967 14.00.65*0.55–0.78(< 0.01)
Current smoker  0   
 No14395863 19.7Reference
 Yes159895 15.10.72*0.61–0.86(< 0.01)
Betel nut chewing  0   
 No15366536 19.0Reference
 Yes62222 21.81.190.89–1.58 (0.24)