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Table 4 Sociodemographic patterning of vaping among adults (aged 16+) by smoking statusa

From: Socioeconomic patterning of vaping by smoking status among UK adults and youth

  Sociodemographic Characteristics Vaping Among Never Smokers Vaping Among Ex-Smokers Vaping Among Current Smokers All Vaping
N % Yes
N
% P-Value Yes
N
% P-Value Yes
N
% P-Value Yes
N
% P-Value
Total 35,367 100.0 189 1.1 839 6.9 1597 27.1 2624 7.4
No Vaping 32,743 92.6             
Vaping 2624 7.4             
Never Smokers 17,238 48.7           189 1.1 < 0.001
Ex-Smokers 12,238 34.6           839 6.9  
Current Smokers 5891 16.7           1597 27.1  
Male 16,930 47.9 115 1.5 < 0.001 452 7.2 0.092 799 27.0 0.907 1366 8.1 < 0.001
Female 18,437 52.1 74 0.8   387 6.5   798 27.2   1258 6.8  
16–24 4758 13.5 95 2.8 < 0.001 75 15.3 < 0.001 205 25.3 < 0.001 375 7.9 < 0.001
25–34 4801 13.6 32 1.3   156 12.5   275 24.3   463 9.6  
35–54 11,696 33.1 36 0.6   387 9.7   640 28.8   1063 9.1  
55–74 10,415 29.4 20 0.5   196 4.3   452 29.6   668 6.4  
75+ 3697 10.5 5 0.3   24 1.3   25 12.1   54 1.5  
England 29,815 84.3 172 1.2 0.063 711 6.8 0.443 1311 27.1 0.322 2194 7.4 0.094
Wales 1681 4.8 7 0.9   42 7.9   90 25.9   139 8.2  
Scotland 2911 8.2 6 0.4   72 7.4   157 29.3   235 8.1  
Northern Ireland 960 2.7 4 0.8   15 5.2   39 22.5   58 6.0  
White UK 30,781 87.0 151 1.1 0.322 772 6.9 0.766 1452 27.7 0.004 2376 7.7 < 0.001
Ethnic Minority 4586 13.0 38 1.3   66 6.8   144 22.4   248 5.4  
Has Spouse/Partner 21,222 60.0 71 0.7 < 0.001 548 6.5 0.035 831 28.7 0.007 1450 6.8 < 0.001
Single 14,145 40.0 118 1.6   291 7.6   765 25.6   1174 8.3  
No Children in Household 24,919 70.5 125 1.1 0.442 551 6.1 < 0.001 1095 27.7 0.179 1771 7.1 0.001
Children in Household 10,448 29.5 64 1.2   288 9.1   502 26.0   853 8.2  
Degree 16,031 45.3 78 0.9 0.121 388 6.8 < 0.001 471 29.1 0.026 937 5.8 < 0.001
A-Level or equivalent 8012 22.7 48 1.2   212 8.5   421 26.9   680 8.5  
GSCE or equivalent 8389 23.7 49 1.4   196 6.9   556 27.1   801 9.5  
No Qualifications 2935 8.3 14 1.3   43 3.6   149 22.8   206 7.0  
Managerial/Professional 11,536 32.6 63 1.0 0.018 307 7.6 < 0.001 368 29.8 < 0.001 739 6.4 < 0.001
Intermediate 4755 13.4 20 0.9   126 7.9   254 30.1   400 8.4  
Routine 6350 18.0 50 1.7   183 10.4   463 27.9   696 11.0  
Not employed 12,726 36.0 56 1.0   223 4.6   512 23.8   790 6.2  
Highest Income Quartile 9429 26.7 59 1.1 0.481 186 5.5 0.002 249 28.4 0.016 495 5.2 < 0.001
2nd Quartile 9427 26.7 51 1.1   257 7.7   433 29.4   741 7.9  
3rd Quartile 9004 25.5 50 1.2   223 7.3   482 27.1   755 8.4  
Lowest Income Quartile 7507 21.2 29 0.9   173 7.1   432 24.5   634 8.4  
Non-Smoker 1 year ago 29,290 82.8    550 4.8 < 0.001 164 24.1 0.068 902 3.1 < 0.001
Smoker 1 year ago 6077 17.2     289 33.3   1433 27.5   1722 28.3  
Non-Smoker 2 years ago 28,940 81.8    419 3.8 < 0.001 182 24.3 0.081 790 2.7 < 0.001
Smoker 2 years ago 6427 18.2     419 32.6   1414 27.5   1834 28.5  
Non-Smoker 5 years ago 28,036 79.3    225 2.2 < 0.001 143 19.3 < 0.001 556 2.0 < 0.001
Smoker 5 years ago 7331 20.7     614 28.2   1454 28.2   2068 28.2  
  1. aData weighted for attrition and over-sampling, and results averaged across 25 imputed datasets