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Table 4 Results of the EFA of the attitude domain

From: Development and validation of knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire for prevention of respiratory tract infections among Malaysian Hajj pilgrims

FactorsItemsFactor loadingReliability
(Cronbach’s alpha)
Barriers to complianceA3: Since the bird flu, SARS, MERS-COV and H1N1 crises are over, I no longer need to worry about contracting flu-like illnesses0.5270.81
Sejak krisis selesema burung, SARS, MERS-COV and H1N1 berakhir, saya sudah tidak perlu bimbang mendapat penyakit mirip influenza (demam selesema/influenza like illness)
A8: I am generally opposed to wearing a face mask0.741
Secara amnya saya menentang penggunaan penutup hidung dan mulut
A9: Flu vaccinations have unpleasant side effects0.641
Vaksinasi influenza mengakibatkan kesan sampingan yang tidak selesa
A10: I am influence by negative news about flu vaccines0.791
Saya dipengaruhi oleh berita negatif mengenai vaksin selsema
A11: It is too much trouble to get a flu vaccine0.662
Agak susah untuk mendapatkan vaksin influenza
Self-motivationA4 If I have a flu-like illness, I may spread it to others0.580.70
Jika saya menghidap penyakit mirip influenza (demam selesema/influenza like illness), saya mungkin menjangkiti orang lain
A5: I feel that someone that have influenza-like illness should: 
Seseorang yang mengalami penyakit mirip influenza (demam selesema/influenza like illness) haruslah:
A5A: cover his mouth and nose with his bare hand when coughing or sneezing0.462
Menutup mulut dan hidung dengan tangannya apabila batuk atau bersin
A5B: cover his mouth and nose with a handkerchief when coughing or sneezing0.414
Menutup mulut dan hidung dengan sapu apabila batuk atau bersin
A6: Influenza vaccines protects hajj pilgrims from influenza0.568
Vaksin influenza melindungi jemaah haji daripada demam selesema
A7: Using a hand wash can prevent you from getting flu like illness0.434
Penggunaan sanitasi tangan dapat mencegah anda daripada menghidap penyakit mirip influenza (demam selesema/influenza like illness)
A12A: I think coughs and the flu can be prevented by wearing a mask outside my house0.588
Saya rasa penyakit mirip influenza (demam selesema/influenza like illness) boleh dicegah dengan pemakaian sungkup muka di luar rumah
A13: Wearing a well-fitting face mask is effective in preventing flu-like illnesses0.414
Memakai sungkup muka yang betul-betul sesuai pada wajah adalah berkesan untuk mencegah penyakit seperti selsema