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Table 4 Estimated influences of total government expenditures and expenditures for suicide prevention programs on suicide rates by sex and age between 2001 and 2014 in 47 prefectures of Japan

From: Government spending, recession, and suicide: evidence from Japan

 (1) Male 20–39(2) Male 40–64(3) Male 65-(4) Female 20–39(5) Female 40–64(6) Female 65-
Log of government expenditures per capita− 0.018−0.2420.0750.186−0.201− 0.047
 (−0.185–0.149)(−0.426 - -0.059)(− 0.076–0.227)(−0.295–0.667)(−0.384 - -0.019)(− 0.318–0.224)
Log of government expenditures per capita−0.0010.0030.006−0.0020.006−0.004
for suicide prevention programs(−0.006–0.004)(−0.001–0.008)(0.001–0.010)(−0.010–0.005)(0.001–0.011)(−0.012–0.004)
Unemployment rate0.0140.0230.061−0.057−0.008− 0.008
 (−0.039–0.068)(−0.017–0.062)(0.019–0.103)(−0.110 - -0.004)(− 0.079–0.064)(−0.081–0.065)
Log of income per capita−0.268− 0.168−0.100− 0.186−0.2280.598
 (−0.991–0.456)(−0.665–0.328)(−0.618–0.418)(− 1.251–0.878)(− 1.140–0.685)(− 0.069–1.266)
Fiscal strength index−0.0330.0530.134−0.528−0.028− 0.415
 (−0.338–0.272)(−0.286–0.392)(−0.119–0.387)(−1.264–0.207)(−0.473–0.417)(−1.104–0.273)
Log of population size1.2513.7762.47510.2371.5621.655
 (−4.237–6.740)(−0.011–7.563)(−1.995–6.945)(−0.742–21.216)(−5.239–8.362)(−2.831–6.140)
Percent under 140.149−0.045− 0.0950.170− 0.005−0.233
 (−0.061–0.360)(−0.185–0.094)(−0.289–0.099)(−0.161–0.501)(−0.245–0.234)(−0.437 - -0.028)
Percent over 650.1530.0460.0190.048−0.0210.045
 (−0.012–0.318)(−0.084–0.175)(−0.103–0.141)(−0.177–0.274)(−0.214–0.172)(−0.098–0.187)
Prefecture fixed effectYesYesYesYesYesYes
Year fixed effectYesYesYesYesYesYes
Prefecture-specific liner trendYesYesYesYesYesYes
N of observations658658658658658658
R squared0.3420.8250.4070.2620.2700.448
  1. Note: Table entries are regression coefficients with 95% confidence intervals in parentheses. Standard errors are clustered by prefectures. The dependent variable is a log of the suicide rate per 100,000 by sex and age. Data covered the period from 2001 to 2014 in 47 prefectures of Japan