Skip to main content

Table 2 Multivariate logistic regression of background characteristics and skilled birth attendance

From: Skilled birth attendance in Sierra Leone, Niger, and Mali: analysis of demographic and health surveys

Explanatory VariablesSierra LeoneNigerMaliAll Countries
Odds Ratio (95% CI)Odds Ratio (95% CI)Odds Ratio (95% CI)Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Age
 15–19RefRefRefRef
 20–241.23(0.86–1.77)0.75(0.55–1.02)1.10(0.76–1.59)0.87(0.69–1.09)
 25–291.24(0.87–1.77)0.68**(0.50–0.92)1.26(0.90–1.76)0.89(0.72–1.11)
 30–341.03(0.70–1.53)0.67**(0.50–0.88)1.18(0.84–1.68)0.88(0.71–1.09)
 35–391.03(0.70–1.50)0.68**(0.51–0.93)1.19(0.79–1.76)0.86(0.68–1.09)
 40–440.87(0.58–1.33)0.80(0.56–1.14)1.46(0.95–2.26)0.99(0.76–1.30)
 45–490.81(0.52–1.29)0.61(0.36–1.03)0.86(0.45–1.63)0.66**(0.45–0.98)
Place of residence
 UrbanRefRefRefRef
 Rural0.70(0.44–1.11)0.19***(0.14–0.28)0.35***(0.24–0.52)0.21***(0.16–0.28)
Level of education
 No educationRefRefRefRef
 Primary1.04(0.84–1.29)1.74***(1.38–2.20)0.87(0.64–1.17)1.37**(1.14–1.63)
 Secondary1.27(0.95–1.72)1.70**(1.14–2.54)1.59(0.95–2.66)1.66**(1.24–2.22)
 Higher5.41**(1.53–19.56)3.05(0.38–24.60)2.33(0.48–11.24)2.50(0.72–8.69)
Health Insurance
 NoRefRefRefRef
 Yes1.20(0.35–4.11)1.48(0.75–2.91)1.05(0.57–1.95)1.39(0.88–2.20)
Wealth status
 PoorestRefRefRefRef
 Poorer1.04(0.81–1.34)1.51**(1.19–1.91)1.63**(1.21–2.17)1.41***(1.19–1.68)
 Middle1.04(0.78–1.37)1.65**(1.23–2.23)1.42**(1.03–1.95)1.41**(1.15–1.76)
 Richer1.20(0.84–1.71)2.02***(1.52–2.67)4.03***(2.80–5.79)2.09***(1.67–2.61)
 Richest1.07(0.62–1.86)2.98***(2.05–4.34)6.21***(3.64–10.60)2.49***(1.83–3.40)
Marital status
 MarriedRefRefRefRef
 Cohabitation0.83(0.60–1.15)2.14(0.48–9.55)0.82(0.33–2.02)1.43(0.62–3.29)
 Widowed1.08(0.57–2.04)1.05(0.46–2.33)0.28*(0.09–0.94)0.68(0.34–1.38)
 Divorced0.50(0.23–1.09)1.61(0.87–2.97)0.99(0.29–3.36)1.22(0.69–2.15)
 Separated0.84(0.49–1.44)3.37 (0.73–15.54)1.66(0.33–8.30)2.16(0.64–6.33)
Partner’s educational level
 No educationRefRefRefRef
 Primary1.21(0.90–1.63)1.54***(1.24–1.92)0.87(0.33–2.02)1.17(0.97–1.41)
 Secondary1.59***(1.28–1.99)2.30***(1.65–3.21)1.14(0.79–1.66)1.78***(1.40–2.26)
 Higher1.61**(1.11–2.33)3.48**(1.53–7.92)0.59(0.30–1.16)1.40(0.80–2.42)
Number of ANC visits
 Less than fourRefRefRefRef
 Four or more2.18***(1.68–2.83)1.40***(1.18–1.66)1.60***(1.30–1.96)1.63***(1.43–1.86)
Skilled ANC provider
 NoRefRefRefRef
 Yes29.34***(21.90–39.31)7.92***(5.59–11.2)26.63***(21.25–33.38)11.51***(9.53–13.92)
Getting medical help for self: money needed for treatment
 Big problemRefRefRefRef
 Not a big problem1.11(0.90–1.39)0.95(0.80–1.12)1.04(0.83–1.31)1.08(0.94–1.24)
Getting medical help for self: distance to health facility
 Big problemRefRefRefRef
 Not a big problem2.07***(1.64–2.61)1.56(0.80–1.13)1.51**(1.18–1.94)1.66***(1.44–1.92)
Getting medical help for self: getting permission to go
 Big problemRefRefRefRef
 Not a big problem0.72(0.52–1.02)1.00(0.77–1.29)0.65**(0.49–0.87)0.69***(0.56–0.84)
Listening to radio
 Not at allRefRefRefRef
 Less than once a week1.47**(1.14–1.88)1.07(0.87–1.32)0.94(0.69–1.29)0.87 (0.72–1.05)
 At least once a week1.45**(1.13–1.87)1.12(0.88–1.43)1.21(0.92–1.59)1.04(0.86–2.88)
Watching television
 Not at allRefRefRefRef
 Less than once a week1.08(0.70–1.67)1.13(0.86–1.48)1.07(0.80–1.41)1.53***(1.26–1.86)
 At least once a week1.58**(1.08–2.32)2.05***(1.50–2.79)1.21(0.92–1.59)2.33***(1.88–2.88)
  1. Computed from Mali DHS (2012–2013), Niger DHS (2012), Sierra Leone DHS (2013), CI Confidence Interval, * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001, Ref Reference Category