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Table 2 Estimated means and standard errors/95% confidence intervals for primary and secondary outcomes (n = 205)

From: Comparing enhanced versus standard Diabetes Prevention Program among indigenous adults in an urban setting: a randomized controlled trial

 BaselineChange from baseline to 6 monthsChange from baseline to 12 months
EnhancedStandardEnhancedStandardEnhancedStandard
Primary Outcomes
 BMI, kg/m237.8 ± 0.737.0 ± 0.7− 0.3 (− 0.7,-0.02)− 0.7 (− 1.0, − 0.4)− 0.3 (− 0.7, 0.2)− 0.5 (− 1.0, − 0.1)
 Percentage of participants with 5% weight lossN/AN/A10.4 (4.4, 22.7)20.7 (10.3, 37.1)18.3 (9.0, 33.5)23.7 (12.3, 40.7)
Secondary Outcomes
 SF-12
  Physical component40.2 ± 1.341.5 ± 1.33.1 (1.0, 5.2)3.0 (0.9, 5.1)2.9 (0.7, 5.2)2.2 (−0.1, 4.5)
  Mental component48.0 ± 1.247.1 ± 1.21.7 (− 1.0, 4.3)1.5 (− 1.1, 4.2)0.3 (− 2.4, 3.0)2.0 (− 0.7, 4.7)
Behavioral outcomes
 Diet
  Healthy22.8 ± 0.522.6 ± 0.50.4 (− 0.7, 1.5)− 0.6 (− 1.7, 0.5)−0.4 (− 1.6, 0.9)0.4 (− 0.9, 1.7)
  Unhealthy35.4 ± 1.0*37.9 ± 1.0*− 2.51 (− 4.4, − 0.6)−4.6 (− 6.5, − 2.8)− 0.7 (− 2.9, 1.4)*−4.6 (− 6.8, − 2.5)*
 Physical activity MET mins/week1540.6 ± 150.31389.1 ± 149.7− 23.5 (− 314.8, 267.8)−94.3 (− 386.2, 197.6)− 241.6 (− 591.9, 108.7)144.6 (− 207.6, 496.8)
Clinical outcomes
 Waist circumference, in47.2 ± 0.747.1 ± 0.7− 2.1 (− 2.8, − 1.4)− 2.7 (− 3.4, − 2)− 1.8 (− 2.6, − 1)−2.5 (− 3.2, − 1.7)
 SBP, mm Hg125.3 ± 1.9125.8 ± 1.9−5.5 (− 8.7, − 2.2)− 2.8 (− 5.9, 0.3)− 4.1 (− 7.4, − 0.8)−2.6 (− 5.8, 0.6)
 DBP, mm Hg80.0 ± 1.378.8 ± 1.3−4.4 (− 6.6, − 2.2)−0.5 (− 2.7, 1.6)− 1.2 (− 3.6, 1.2)0.05 (−2.3, 2.4)
 Fasting glucose, mg/dL101.0 ± 1.399.5 ± 1.31.9 (− 0.7, 4.4)2.3 (− 0.2, 4.7)5.0 (1.9, 8.0)4.9 (1.9, 7.8)
 HDL, mg/dL46.5 ± 1.646.9 ± 1.60.03 (− 1.9, 1.9)1.0 (− 0.8, 2.8)0.7 (− 1.5, 3)0.7 (− 1.5, 3)
 LDL, mg/dL102.9 ± 3.5100.2 ± 3.51.6 (− 3.9, 7)−0.5 (− 5.7, 4.7)4.5 (− 2.9, 11.9)2.8 (− 4.3, 9.9)
 Triglyceride, mg/dL134.0 ± 8.7146.9 ± 8.813.2 (− 4.2, 30.7)−2.0 (− 19.0, 15.0)21.7 (1.8, 41.7)− 2.9 (− 22.5, 16.6)
Psychosocial outcomes
 CES-D12.2 ± 1.113.9 ± 1.20.04 (− 2.2, 2.3)−2.3 (− 4.6, − 0.1)−0.1 (− 2.7, 2.6)−1.2 (− 3.8, 1.5)
Empowerment
 Emotional empowerment47.1 ± 1.146.2 ± 1.1− 0.4 (− 2.7, 1.9)0.2 (−2, 2.5)0.9 (− 1.5, 3.2)−0.3 (− 2.7, 2)
 Inner peace27.7 ± 0.627.1 ± 0.7−0.6 (− 2, 0.8)0.2 (−1.1, 1.6)0.4 (− 1, 1.8)−0.2 (− 1.6, 1.2)
 Self-capacity11.5 ± 0.411.3 ± 0.40.1 (− 0.6, 0.8)−0.2 (− 0.8, 0.5)0.2 (− 0.6, 0.9)−0.3 (− 1.1, 0.4)
 Scenarios57.1 ± 1.759.9 ± 1.8−1.9 (− 5.1, 1.3)−2.3 (− 5.6, 1)−2.1 (− 5.3, 1.2)0.2 (− 3.1, 3.5)
 Healing33.5 ± 1.135.1 ± 1.1− 1.4 (− 3.5, 0.6)−1.6 (− 3.6, 0.5)−1.9 (− 4, 0.1)− 0.3 (− 2.4, 1.7)
 Connection23.6 ± 0.824.9 ± 0.8−0.5 (− 2.0, 1.0)−0.7 (− 2.2, 0.8)−0.1 (− 1.7, 1.4)0.5 (−1.1, 2.1)
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index; CES-D Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale; DBP diastolic blood pressure; HDL high-density; lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; N/A not applied; SBP systolic blood pressure; SF-12 Short Form 12 Health Survey
  2. Boldface indicates between groups statistical significance (*P < 0.05)
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