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Table 1 Overview of data sets

From: Improved and standardized method for assessing years lived with disability after burns and its application to estimate the non-fatal burden of disease of burn injuries in Australia, New Zealand and the Netherlands

Name/First author, year (reference)CountryInclusion criteriaStudy populationEtiology%TBSA burned, mean (SD)LOS, mean (SD)No of surgery, mean (SD)HRQL instrumentAssessment time point(s)
Burns Service of Western AustraliaAustralia (Western Australia)All inpatients admitted between 2004 and April 2019n = 1756, (M: 69.7%).
Mean age: 40.2 yr
Flame: 38.7%
Scald: 28.4%
5.9% (9.1)9.1 (12.4)1.1 (1.2)SF-364–6 weeks, 3, 6, 12, 24 months
Bloemen et al., 2012 [20]The NetherlandsSurgery and TBSA full thickness burns < 15%, study wound surface area min. 10 cm2 and max. 300 cm2
(October 2007 – February 2010)
n = 77, (M: 57.1%).
Mean age: 47.4 yr
Flame: 72.3%
Scald: 15.4%
8.3% (7.7)19.9 (15.2)1.5 (0.9)EQ-5D-3 L3, 12 months
Hop et al., 2013 [21]The NetherlandsOutpatient or admitted to a burn centre within 5 days post burn, with burns of indeterminate depth and a ≤ 20% TBSA burned (August 2011 – July 2013)n = 124, (M: 69.4%).
Mean age: 42.3 yr
Flame: 54.0%
Scald: 24.2%
8.0% (11.9)18.4 (24.8)1.0 (1.5)EQ-5D-3 L3, 12, 24 months
Moi et al., 2006 [22] & Moi et al., 2016 [23]NorwayAll patients hospitalized for burn injury (1995–2000)n = 90, (M: 83.3%).
Mean age: 43.0 yr
Flame: 57.8%
Scald: 24.4%
17.7% (12.8)22.7 (20.3)1.7 (1.9)SF-36Measurement 1: 11–82 months
Measurement 2: 150–220 months
Orwellius et al., 2013 [24]SwedenBurn patients with ≥10% TBSA burned or LOS of ≥7 days (March 2000 – December 2009)n = 118, (M: 77.1%).
Mean age: 48.2 yr
NA23.3% (17.6)29.8 (32.4)NAEQ-5D-3 L12 and 24 months
Oster et al., 2011 [14]SwedenBurn patients with ≥5% TBSA burned or LOS of > 1 day (March 2000 – March 2007)n = 67, (M: 77.6%).
Mean age: 42.6 yr
Flame: 74.6%
Scald: 10.4%
25.6% (20.2)26.9 (33.5)NAEQ-5D-3 LAdmission, 3, 6, 12, 24 months, 2–7 years (mean 4.6 yr)
Renneberg et al., 2014 [25]GermanyAll patients hospitalized in the burn unit (June 2004 and November 2006)n = 292, (M: 72.3%).
Mean age: 39.6 yr
NA15.0% (14.2)28.1 (31.2)2.6 (4.8)SF-366, 12, 24, 36 months
Spronk et al., 2019 [15]The NetherlandsBurn patients with LOS of ≥1 day or with surgery (2010–2013)n = 256, (M: 62.1%).
Mean age: 47.7 yr
Flame: 57.9%
Scald: 18.5%
9.6% (16.9)17.5 (22.0)1.3 (1.9)EQ-5D-5 L5–7 years (mean 5.5 yr)
Van Loey et al., 2012 [26]Belgium and The NetherlandsBurn patients with LOS of ≥72 h (March 2003 and April 2005)n = 257, (M: 72.4%).
Mean age: 38.9 yr
Flame: 57.3%
Scald: 24.9%
12.7% (11.5)24.2 (23.0)1.5 (2.2)EQ-5D-3 L3 weeks, 3, 9, 18 months
Hoogewerf et al., 2014 [27]Belgium and The NetherlandsBurn patients with LOS of ≥72 h (March 2006 – January 2009)n = 297, (M: 79.8%).
Mean age: 40.8 yr
Flame: 65.1%
Scald: 22.3%
12.9% (12.1)22.6 (20.9)1.1 (1.7)SF-363 and 18 months
Bosmans et al., 2015 [28]The NetherlandsBurn patients with TBSA≥1% burned or LOS ≥ 48 h (April 2010 – October 2012)n = 145, (M: 65.5%).
Mean age: 40.6 yr
Flame: 58.3%
Scald: 30.9%
9.0% (8.0)17.2 (13.2)0.9 (1.5)EQ-5D-3 L2 weeks, 3, 6, 12, 18 months