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Table 4 Children’s eating behaviours, and change in eating behaviours by study arm

From: Reducing screen-time and unhealthy snacking in 9–11 year old children: the Kids FIRST pilot randomised controlled trial

Eating behaviour variables Study arm Mean (SD) frequency/day at baseline (week 0) Mean (SD) frequency/day at post-intervention (week 13) Difference in means (95% CI)
Fruit ST and Snacking 1.76 (0.98) 1.54 (0.91) − 0.21 (− 0.69, 0.26)
ST only 3.30 (1.37) 2.94 (1.42) − 0.36 (− 0.79, 0.08)
Snacking only 1.82 (1.25) 2.14 (1.51) 0.32 (−0.49, 1.13)
Control 2.73 (1.38) 2.83 (1.47) 0.10 (−0.29, 0.49)
Vegetables ST and Snacking 2.80 (1.28) 2.80 (1.41) 0.00 (−0.38, 0.38)
ST only 3.18 (1.31) 3.20 (1.31) 0.02 (−0.38, 0.42)
Snacking only 2.67 (1.57) 2.60 (1.48) −0.07 (− 0.88, 0.74)
Control 2.50 (1.67) 2.21 (1.38) −0.17 (−1.09, 0.73)
Savoury snacks ST and Snacking 1.16 (0.48) 1.04 (0.54) −0.11 (− 0.32, 0.08)
ST only 1.06 (0.81) 1.38 (0.91) 0.32 (−0.12, 0.76)
Snacking only 1.28 (0.95) 1.67 (1.34) 0.39 (−0.13, 0.91)
Control 1.03 (0.52) 0.86 (0.54) −0.17 (− 0.36, 0.03)
Sweet snacks ST and Snacking 1.26 (0.82) 1.42 (1.21) 0.17 (−0.33, 0.66)
ST only 1.78 (1.04) 1.78 (1.45) 0.00 (−0.52, 0.52)
Snacking only 1.46 (0.88) 1.32 (0.91) −0.07 (− 0.24, 0.09)
Control 1.64 (1.38) 1.67 (1.33) 0.04 (−0.20, 0.27)