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Table 2 Odds ratios (ORs) of poor outcomes in transgender and non-binary gender compared to cisgender males and females

From: Life satisfaction and mental health among transgender students in Norway

 Cisgender male or female genderBinary transgenderNon-binary transgender
Unadjusted modelUnadjusted modelAdjusted model*Unadjusted modelAdjusted model*
Outcome variableOR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
 Poor life satisfaction (SWLS< 19)1.00 (ref)4.48 (1.96–10.24)3.78 (1.56–9.15)3.61 (2.18–5.98)3.12 (1.82–5.33)
 Loneliness (“often” or “very often” versus “never” or “seldom”)
  Lack companionship1.00 (ref)4.42 (1.70–11.51)3.05 (1.12–8.32)2.69 (1.50–4.84)2.12 (1.13–3.95)
  Left out1.00 (ref)4.64 (1.76–12.18)3.20 (1.18–8.87)5.25 (3.04–9.06)4.20 (2.33–7.57)
  Isolated from others1.00 (ref)6.26 (2.27–17.23)3.58 (1.23–10.47)5.82 (3.32–10.22)4.35 (2.35–8.05)
 Mental health problems (HSCL-25 > 2.00)1.00 (ref)2.75 (1.31–5.78)2.48 (1.12–5.46)4.63 (2.82–7.59)4.07 (2.41–6.87)
 Mental disorder (any)1.00 (ref)7.29 (3.45–15.41)5.51 (2.32–11.43)8.50 (5.24–13.79)6.55 (3.92–10.95)
 Self-harm (lifetime)1.00 (ref)5.47 (2.59–11.57)4.45 (2.01–9.86)4.74 (2.95–7.62)4.46 (2.69–7.40)
 Self-harm thoughts (lifetime)1.00 (ref)4.56 (2.16–9.64)4.53 (2.02–10.14)4.72 (2.92–7.61)3.50 (2.11–5.81)
 Suicide attempt (lifetime)1.00 (ref)6.23 (2.52–15.39)5.56 (2.20–14.07)6.90 (3.94–12.09)6.12 (3.34–11.20)
 Suicide thoughts (lifetime)1.00 (ref)6.79 (3.13–14.71)5.27 (2.32–11.98)6.24 (3.83–10.16)5.26 (3.26–8.84)
  1. * Adjusted for age, income/economic activity, country of residence, and immigrant status
  2. CI = Confidence interval; SWLS=Satisfaction With Life Scale; HSCL-25 = Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25
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