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Table 1 Characteristics of the 83 eligible studies of intestinal parasite infections in Ethiopia

From: Epidemiology of intestinal parasitic infections in preschool and school-aged Ethiopian children: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AuthorStudy designPopulationMaleFemaleStudy site (s)RegionMethodsNo. sampleNo. positive (%)Quality assessment
Degarege 2013 [40]Cross-sectionalSchool children187216Tikur Wuha, Gojam,Amhara regionKato-Katz403235 (58.3%)2
Abdi 2017 [75]cross-sectionalSchool children207201Zegie Peninsula, Gojam, Amhara regionFormalin-ether408282 (69.1%)3
Abera 2014 [76]Cross-sectionalSchool children193192Bahir Dar, Amhara regionFormal-ether385170 (44.2%)3
Wegayehu 2013 [51]Cross-sectionalSchool children191193GirarJarso and Dera, North Shewa Zone, Oromia RegionDirect and formalin- ether and modified Ziehl-Neelsen38481(21.1%)2
Amare 2013 [35]Cross-sectionalSchool children218187Gondar town, Amhara regionDirect, formal-ether and Kato-Katz40592(22.7%)3
Gelaw 2013 [45]cross-sectionalSchool children170134University of Gondar Community School, Amhara regionDirect and formol-ether304104 (34.2%)3
Abossie 2014 [78]Cross-sectionalSchool children191209GamoGofa Zone, South regionDirect and formol-ether400324(81.0%)3
Mathewos 2014 [57]Cross-sectionalSchool children139122Gorgora and Chuahit towns, Gondar, Amhara regionDirect, formol-ether and modified Ziehl-Neelsen261174 (66.7%)2
Gizaw 2018 [20]Cross-sectionalPreschool children106119Dembiya, Gondar Zone, Amhara regionKato-Katz22558(25.8%)3
Wegayehuet 2016 [77]Cross-sectionalBoth154132Holetta, Sendafa and Chancho, Oromia regionPCR31248(16.8%)2
Yimam 2016 [74]Cross-sectionalSchool children187216Tikur Wuha Elementary School, Amhara regionFormol-ether and Kato-Katz403235(58.3%)3
Hailegebriel 2017 [79]Cross-sectionalSchool children177182Dona Berber, Bahir Dar, Amhara regionFormol-ether359235 (65.5%)3
Alemu 2018 [80]Cross-sectionalSchool children196195ArbaminchZuria, South regionFormol-ether391182(46.5%)2
Alemu 2019 [82]Cross-sectionalSchool children180171Birbir town GamoGofa, South regionDirect and formol-ether35195 (27.1%)3
Mekonnen 2019 [19]Cross-sectionalPreschool children152158Woreta health center, Gondar, Amhara regionDirect and Kato-Katz31058 (18.70%)3
Jejaw 2015 [41]Cross-sectionalSchool children228232Mizan-Aman town Bench Maji, South regionDirect and formol-ether and Kato-Katz460353 (76.7%)3
Alemu 2016 [81]Cross- sectionalPreschool children183218Dembiya District, Gondar, Amhara regionKato-Katz401141 (35.2%)3
Alemayehu 2017 [58]Cross-sectionalSchool children287216Wolaita Zone, South regionKato-Katz and formalin-ether503363(72.2%)3
Gashaw 2015 [61]Cross-sectionalSchool children255295Maksegnit and Enfranz Towns, Gondar, Amhara regionKato-Katz550365(66.4%)3
Bajiro 2016 [83]Cross-sectionalSchool children238262Jimma town, Oromia regionKato-Katz500120(24%)3
Amor 2016 [84]Cross-sectionalSchool children225171Rural area of Bahir Dar, Amhara regionFormol ether396327(82.6%)3
Nute 2018 [28]Cross-sectionalSchool children4188037Ten zones of the Amhara regionFormol ether15,4555626(36.4%)3
Zemene 2018 [16]Cross-sectionalPreschool children118118DebreBirhan hospital, North Shewa, Amhara regionDirect and the formol-ether24743 (17.4%1
Gebretsadik 2018 [85]Cross sectionalPreschool children13399Dessie referral Hospital, Amhara regionDirect, formol-ether and modifiedZiehl-Neelsen23236 (15.5%)1
Mulatu 2015 [17]Cross-sectionalPreschool children8177Adare Hospital and Millennium Health Centre, Hawassa, South regionDirect, formol-ether and modifiedZiehl-Neelsen15842 (26.6%)3
Bekana 2019 [86]Cross-sectionalSchool children172145Guma and YachiYisa in Gomma, Jimma, Oromia regionKato-Katz and formol-ether -317224 (70.4%)3
Diro 2015 [87]prospective cohortBoth8537University of Gondar and Kahsay Abera Humera hospitals, Amhara regionDirect, formol-ether and Kato-Katz12258(47.5%)1
Birhanu 2018 [88]cross sectionalSchool children194228Pawe Town, Benishangul-Gumuz RegionDirect422130 (30.8%)1
Fentie 2013 [32]Cross-sectionalSchool children361159Lake Tana Basin, Amhara regionKato–Katz and formol-ether520371(71.3%)3
Aiemjoy 2017 [66]Cross-sectionalPreschool childrenNANAGonchaSisoEnese, Gojam, Amhara regionFormol-ether212138 (65.1%)2
Desalegn 2014 [31]Cross-sectionalSchool children271315Jimma Town, Jimma, OromiaDirect and formol-ether586134 (33.9%)3
Gebrehiwot 2014 [104]Cross sectionalPreschool children195179WonjiShoa Sugar, Oromia regionKato-Katz37491(24.3%)2
Leta 2018 [89]Cross sectionalSchool childrenNANA53 schools of Amhara regionKato-Katz2650354 (13.4%)3
King 2013 [42]cross sectionalBoth11301228South Gondar, Amhara regionFormol-ether23381471(63%)3
Mekonnen 2013 [90]Clinical trialSchool childrenNANA14 schools of Jimma town, Oromia regionKato-Katz840437(52%)3
Mahmud 2015 [47]Clinical trialSchool children152217Mekele University, Tigray regionDirect, formal-ether and Kato-Katz369267(73%)3
Mahmud 2013 [48]cross-sectionalSchool children288312Mekele, TigrayDirect, formol-ether and Kato-Katz600421 (72%)3
Tefera 2017 [72]Cross sectionalSchool children282433Mendera, Jimma, Oromia regionMcMaster715346(48.4%)2
Tefera 2015 [91]Cross sectionalSchool children364280Babble town, Harrerge, Oromia regionMcMaster64489 (13.8%)2
Nguyen 2012 [24]Cross sectionalSchool children341323AngolelaWoreda, Amhara regionFormal- ether664202(30.4%)3
Hailu 2018 [92]Cross sectionalSchool children186223Bahir Dar, Amhara regionFormol-ether409237 (58%)2
Beyene 2014 [21]Cross sectionalSchool children114146Jimma Health Center, Jimma, Oromia regionDirect and formol-ether260129 (49.6%)3
Alemu 2011 [34]Cross sectionalSchool children157162Zarima town, Gondar, Amhara regionDirect and Kato-Katz319263 (82.4%)3
Alemayehu 2015 [93]Cross sectionalSchool children201183DembaGirara, Woliata, South regionDirect and Kato-Katz384328 (85.4%)1
Ali 1999 [94]Cross sectionalSchool children161121Asendabo Town, Jimma, Oromia regionDirect and Kato-thick282243(86.2%)0
Tulu 2016 [68]Cross sectionalSchool children251241Birbir, Bale Zone, Oromia regionDirect and formol-ether492131(26.6%)0
Unasho 2013 [73]Cross sectionalSchool children189217Gedeo, Woliata and Kambata and Amaro, South regionDirect406170 (41.9%)0
Belyhun 2010 [53]Follow up cohortPreschool childrenNANAButajira town, South regionFormol-ether90544 (4.9%)3
Tulu 2014 [43]Cross sectionalSchool children172168Delo-Mena, Bale Zone, Oromia regionDirect and formol-ether34089(26.2%)1
Erosie 2002 [44]Cross sectionalSchool childrenNANABolosoSorie, South regionFormol-ether421292(69.4%)1
Tadesse 2005 [39]Cross sectionalSchool children271144Babile town, Harrerge, Oromia regionFormal ether415113(27.2%)0
Adamu 2005 [52]Cross sectionalPreschool children149147Police hospital, Armed Forces General hospital, and Tikur Anbessa Hospital, Addis AbabaDirect, formol-ether and Modified Ziehl-Neelsen29669(23.3%)0
Jemaneh 1999 [95]Cross sectionalSchool children439439Gondar town, Gondar, Amhara regionKato-Katz878437(49.7%)0
Dejenie 2009 [60]Cross sectionalSchool children1012998Central Tigray, Tigray regionDirect2000571(28.6%)0
Dejenie 2010 [69]Cross sectionalSchool children319303Tigray, Tigray regionKato-Katz622165(26.5%)0
Nyantekyi 2010 [14]Cross sectionalPreschool children140148Wondo Genet, South regionKato-Katz and formal-ether288245 (85.1%)1
Legesse 2010 [56]Cross sectionalSchool children167214Adama town, Oromia regionKato-Katz and formol-ether381263 (69%)0
Terefe 2011 [64]Cross sectionalSchool children218201Bushulo, Hawassa, South regionKato-Katz419282(67.3%)1
Assefa 2013 [59]Cross sectionalSchool children267190Suburbs of Mekelle city, Tigray regionKato-Katz457109 (23.9%)0
Debalke 2013 [96]Cross sectionalSchool children161205Jimma town, Oromia regionMcMaster366166(45.4%)1
Dejene 2008 [97]Cross sectionalSchool children481319Hintallo-Wejerat, Tigray regionFormal- ether800285(35.6%)0
Fekadu 2008 [27]Cross sectionalSchool children6337Asendabo town, Jimma, Oromia regionHarada-Mori (Test tube culture)10066(66%)0
Haileamlak 2005 [33]Cross sectionalPreschool children487437Jimma Zone, Jimma, Oromia regionDirect and formal-ether924530(57.4%)1
Jemaneh 2001 [46]Cross sectionalSchool children282405Chilga, Gondar Zone, Amhara regionKato-Katz687470(68.4%)1
Firdu 2014 [71]Case-controlBoth13595Yirgalem Hospital, South regionDirect formol-ether and modified Ziehl-Neelsen23074(32.2%)1
Wale 2014 [65]Cross sectionalSchool children206196Lumame town, Amhara regionDirect and formal ether402219(54.5%)1
Teklemariam 2014 [70]Cross sectionalSchool children252228Enderta, Tigray regionFormalin-ether480199(41.5%)0
Ayalew 2011 [36]Cross sectionalSchool children358346Delgi, Gondar, Amhara regionDirect and formol-ether704562 (79.8%)2
Merid 2001 [38]Cross sectionalSchool childrenNANALake Hawassa, South regionDirect and formol- Ether150139(92.7%)0
Assefa 1998 [30]Cross sectionalSchool children479219Wollo, Amhara regionFormal-ether698304 (43.3%)0
Roma 1997 [50]Cross sectionalSchool children352168Wondo-Genet, South regionFormol-ether520465 (89.4%)1
Abera 2013 [98]cross sectionalSchool children397381Bahir Dar special zones, Amhara regionKato-Katz and formal-ether772401(51.5%)3
Kidane 2014 [55]Cross sectionalSchool children177207Wukrowereda, Tigray regionDirect384233(60.7%)0
Alamir 2013 [29]Cross sectionalSchool children192207Dagi, Amhara regionDirect and formal-ether399311(77.9%)0
Kabeta 2017 [99]Cross sectionalPreschool childrenNANAHawassaZuria, South regionDirect smear and formal-ether587301(51.3%)1
Shumbej 2015 [100]Cross sectionalPreschool children165212Butajira, South regionMcMaster377104 (27.6%)3
Tadege 2017 [101]Cross sectionalSchool children235139Finchawa and Tullo, South regionFormol-ether374254(67.9%)3
Andualem 2014 [102]Cross sectionalSchool children168190Motta, Gojam, Amhara regionDirect and formal-ether358245(68.4%)0
Reji 2011[51)Cross sectionalSchool childrenNANAAdama town, Oromia regionKato-Katz358127 (35.5%)1
Alemu 2014 [67]Cross sectionalSchool children211194Umolante, GamoGofa, South regionKato-Katz405109(26.9%)0
Samuel 2015 [105]Cross sectionalSchool childrenNANAAmbo town, Oromia regionFormol-ether37547(12.6%)3
Teshale 2018 [103]Cross sectionSchool children240170MedebayZana, Tiray regionKato-katz41052(12.7%)1
Tekeste 2013 [63]Cross sectionalSchool children170156Gorgora, Amhara regionKato-katz326110(36.8%)2
  1. Abbreviations: NA not available; PCR Polymerase chain reaction
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