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Table 7 Multivariable PPOM analysis on associated factors of food insecurity adjusted odds ratio and CI estimates

From: Prevalence and associated factors for rural households food insecurity in selected districts of east Gojjam zone, northern Ethiopia: cross-sectional study

PredictorsCategoriesModel 1Model 2Model 3
Odds ratio (95% CI)P-valueOdds ratio (95% CI)P-valueOdds ratio (95% CI)P-value
DistrictMachakel104.2 (12.17,82,845.1)0.000**1.119 (0.481,2.60)0.7923.28(1.73,6.24)0.000**
Marital statusamarried.002(6.70e-14,6.44e-07)0.6160.74(0.118,4.62)0.74814.4(3.36,61.58)0.000*
Divorced.037(0.00007, 1.188)0.0651.81(0.514,6.34)0.3551.13(.36,3.49)0.833
widowed.119(.0015, 1.094)0.0811.558(0.55,4.39)0.4012.53(0.026,6.21)0.064
Family size 0.817(0.416,1.827)0.07121.23(1.012,1.49)0.037*1.18(0.01,1.36)0.083
Educatio statusRead and write169.29(11.64, 2461.39)0.000**0.6712(.29,1.52)0.3421.31(.68,2.51)0.422
Elementary119.75(8.43,1700.74)0.000*0.4422(.161,1.21)0.1130.69(0.26,1.83)0.458
Illiterate113.4091(7.02,1832.02)0.001*0.383(.099,1.48)0.1641.77(0.50,6.26)0.375
Ecological zoneWoina Dega0.0021(.00009,.0514)0.000*1.82 (0.81,4.127)0.1474.75(0.98,11.36)0.082**
Dega0.0323(.002,.5209)0.016*0.763(0.29,1.9827)0.5791.55(0.52,4.62)0.431
Landholding 0.767(.605,0.972)0.028*0.766(0.61,.97)0.0280.76(0.60,0.97)0.028*
Slopeamedium0.58(.025,1.597)0.0912.74(0.24,6.09)0.1130.89(0.40,2.01)0.794
Gentle slope1.53 (0.14,816.84)0.0752.88 (.89,9.34)0.0771.07(0.36,3.13)0.903
Access to energyG-electric3.98 (0.914,70.73)0.0820.243(0.107,0.55)0.0010.468(0.23,.94)0.033*
solar panels5.99 (0.039,125.50)0.0850.427(.202,0.906)0.0270.45(0.25,0.79)0.006**
Soil fertilitymedium4.407 (0.92,21.106)0.0631.73(.46,6.45)0.4140.28(0.12,0.87)0.010*
fertile11.23 (1.363, 92.59)0.025*1.073(.197,5.85)0.9340.15 (0.032,0.72)0.017*
M.Incomea 1.0002(0.99,1.0005)0.5501.0001(0.99,1.00)0.5501.00(0.99,1.00)0.550
Loan statusNo0.484(0.1153, 2.028)0.3212.83(1.36,5.89)0.006**1.06(0.564,2.01)0.844
Toilet accessNo7.63(1.459702,39.78)0.016*1.119(0.53,2.37)0.7680.77(0.39,1.54)0.472
Seed I.aNo0.84(0.403946, 1.720)0.6230.833(.404,1.72)0.6230.83(0.403,1.72)0.623
TrainingaNo0.92(0.397, 2.110)0.8360.92 (0.397,2.11)0.8360.92(.397,2.11)0.836
IrrigationYes0.00001(1.85e-06, 0.0001)0.000**0.121(.037,0.38)0.00**0.94(.505,1.75)0.850
TLU 0.151(0.0716,0.3189)0.000**0.920 (0.79,1.07)0.2860.99(0.884,1.10)0.804
  1. ‘*’ and ‘**’ statistically significant at 5 and 1% level of significance, Model 1: HFS Vs. MFS, LFS, SFI; Model 2: HFS, MFS, Vs. LFS, SFI; Model 3: HFS, MFS, LFS, Vs. SFI, avariables that were not significantly associated with food insecurity have been presented in the table