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Table 4 Agricultural environment and practice related characteristics of household by food insecurity level, 2017

From: Prevalence and associated factors for rural households food insecurity in selected districts of east Gojjam zone, northern Ethiopia: cross-sectional study

CharacteristicsHighly Food SecureMarginally Food SecureLow Food SecureSeverely Food InsecureTotalChi-squareP,F (P-value)
Count (%)Count (%)Count (%)Count (%)
Agro ecological zone
 Kola3(4.8%)15(23.8%)32(50.8%)13(20.6%)6381.6389 (0.000)
 Woina Dega26(7.6%)38(11.0%)91(26.5%)189(54.9%)344
 Dega25(25.8%)22(22.7%)34(35.1%)16(16.5%)97
Slope of land
 Level18(24.3%)21(28.4%)14(18.9%)21(28.4%)7435.2571 (0.000)
 Medium31(8.0%)49(12.7%)131(33.9%)176(45.5%)384
 Gentle slope5(11.6%)5(11.6%)12(27.9%)21(48.8%)43
Land ownership
 Private46(11.6%)57(14.3%)123(30.9%)172(43.2%)3987.3372 (0.291)
 Rented6(7.0%)13(15.1%)25(29.1%)42(48.8%)86
 Collaborate2(10.0%)5(25.0%)9(45.0%)4(20.0%)20
Fertility of agricultural land
 Infertile5(12.8%)1(2.6%)3(7.7%)30(76.9%)3942.0617 (0.000)
 Medium41(9.4%)65(14.9%)149(34.1%)182(41.6%)437
 Fertile8(28.6%)9(32.1%)5(17.9%)6(21.4%)28
Irrigation practice
 Yes0(0.0%)4(4.6%)33(37.9%)50(57.5%)8725.2040 (0.000)
 No54(12.9%)71(17.0%)124(29.7%)168(40.3%)417
Do you use improved seed
 Yes41(9.1%)65(14.4%)142(31.6%)202(44.9%)45013.4292 (0.004)
 No13(24.1%)10(18.5%)15(27.8%)16(29.6%)54
Training by agricultural profession
 Yes46(9.9%)70(15.1%)141(30.5%)206(44.5%)4636.3471 (0.096)
 No8(19.5%)5(12.2%)16(39.0%)12(29.3%)41
Fertilizer use
 Yes49(10.6%)71(15.4%)143(31.0%)199(43.1%)4621.0560 (0.788)
 No5(11.9%)4(9.5%)14(33.3%)19(45.2%)42
  1. F Fisher’s exact test, P Pearson’s chi-square
  2. *significant at 5% level of significance