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Table 3 Household food insecurity status in terms of socioeconomic and access for infrastructure characteristics

From: Prevalence and associated factors for rural households food insecurity in selected districts of east Gojjam zone, northern Ethiopia: cross-sectional study

CharacteristicsHighly Food SecureMarginally Food SecureLow Food SecureSeverely Food InsecureTotalChi-squareP,F (p-value)
Count (%)Count (%)Count (%)Count (%)
Source of access to energy
 Kerosene15(6.69%)20(8.93%)61(27.2%)128(57.2%)24467.5912 (0.000)
 Solar panels12(9.1%)28(21.2%)49(37.1%)43(32.6%)132
 G. electric21(18.3%)23(20.0%)43(37.4%)28(24.3%)115
 Other6(18.2%)4(12.1%)4(12.1%)19(57.6%)33
Habit of credit service (saving)
 Yes18(13.2%)24(17.6%)35(25.7%)59(43.4%)1363.8169 (0.282)
 No36(9.8%)51(13.9%)122(33.2%)159(43.2%)368
Have you taken a loan, for the last 12 months
 Yes17(19.3%)17(19.3%)17(19.3%)37(42.0%)8813.6048 (0.003)
 No37(8.9%)58(13.9%)140(33.7%)181(43.5%)416
Is toilet available
 Yes47(10.9%)63(14.6%)126(29.2%)196(45.4%)4327.2103 (0.065)
 No7(9.7%)12(16.7%)31(43.1%)22(30.6%)72
Source of drinking water
 Pipe43(13.4%)53(16.5%)98(30.5%)127(39.6%)3211.2635 (0.62)
 Pond2(9.1%)4(18.2%)6(27.3%)10(45.5%)22
 River5(3.6%)16(11.6%)48(34.8%)69(50.0%)138
 Other4(17.4%)2(8.7%)5(21.7%)12(52.2%)28
Do you treat water
 Yes17(12.9%)21(15.9%)53(40.2%)41(31.1%)1321.7073 (0.785)
 No37(9.9%)54(14.5%)104(28.0%)177(47.6%)372
  1. F Fisher’s exact test, P Pearson’s chi-square
  2. *significant at 5% level of significance