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Table 1 Characteristics of study sample and obesity and overweight prevalences in relation to socio-economic risk factors

From: Societal risk factors for overweight and obesity in women in Zimbabwe: a cross-sectional study

VariablesTotal Sample (%)Overweight (%)Obese (%)
Total Sample8904 (100.00)3171 (34.17)1195 (12.33)
Individual Factors
 Age (μ = 28.63 SD 9.3)
  15–294892 (54.62)1156 (22.60)309 (5.84)
  30–443442 (39.15)1709 (47.72)725 (19.31)
   ≥ 45570 (6.23)306 (50.96)157 (25.37)
 Educational Level
  Primary or less2225 (27.09)655 (27.99)195 (7.84)
  Secondary5946 (65.54)2105 (34.46)775 (12.38)
  Higher733 (7.37)411 (54.34)221 (28.43)
 Contraception
  None4234 (47.95)1271 (27.39)409 (8.61)
  Hormonal4054 (45.85)1770 (39.94)665 (15.42)
  Non-Hormonal616 (6.20)276 (42.86)117 (18.33)
Household Factors
 Number of Household Members
  1–55779 (60.09)2167 (36.14)781 (13.10)
  6–103191 (35.91)1038 (31.41)370 (11.25)
   > 11368 (3.99)112 (27.01)40 (9.82)
 Marital Status
  Married4982 (57.12)2143 (40.63)860 (15.61)
  Unmarried3922 (42.88)1028 (25.57)331 (7.96)
 Wealth Index
  Poorest1334 (17.1)250 (18.98)47 (3.48)
  Poorer1294 (16.88)323 (24.62)82 (6.08)
  Middle1392 (17.59)431 (30.47)124 (8.60)
  Richer2279 (22.95)929 (40.2)339 (14.82)
  Richest2605 (25.47)1238 (47.84)599 (22.76)
Community Factors
 Place of Residence
  Urban4060 (38.72)1813 (44.68)797 (19.48)
  Rural4844 (61.28)1358 (27.53)394 (7.82)
 Province
  Manicaland891 (12.43)313 (31.15)114 (9.96)
  Mashonaland4679 (60.59)1692 (35.46)612 (12.87)
  Matebeleland3334 (26.98)1166 (32.68)465 (12.21)
 Religion
  Non- Christian3922 (47.44)1210 (29.36)391 (9.06)
  Christian4982 (52.56)1961 (38.52)800 (15.28)
Social and Policy Factors
 Access to Mass Media (Television, Newspaper, Radio, Internet)
  Yes7054 (77.6)2715 (37.09)1081 (14.23)
  No1850 (22.4)2715 (37.09)110 (5.74)
  1. % are weighted. N(unweighted) = 9955
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