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Table 5 Chi-square analysis on factors associated with knowledge and utilization of, and satisfaction to HMA

From: Achievements and challenges in health management for aged individuals in primary health care sectors: a survey in Southwest China

Variables Knowledge Utilization Satisfaction
LE and HA HC AE HG LE and HA HC AE HG LE and HA HC AE HG
Age
 60-70 369(87.4) 405(96.0) 399(94.5) 378(89.6) 360(88.9) 393(95.2) 389(94.4) 367(89.7) 347(96.4) 373(94.9) 371(95.4) 352(96.2)
 70-80 220(81.5) 260(96.3) 260(96.3) 238(88.1) 215(84.3) 255(95.5) 255(95.5) 233(89.3) 199(92.6) 233(91.4) 232(91.0) 217(93.1)
 ≥80 43(75.4)* 54(94.7) 54(94.7) 49(86.0) 42(76.4)* 50(87.7)* 50(87.7) 47(82.5) 42(100.0)* 50(100.0)* 50(100.0)* 47(100.0)
Gender
 Male 242(85.2) 271(95.4) 269(94.7) 254(89.4) 235(87.0) 263(94.9) 261(94.2) 244(89.1) 219(93.2) 242(92.0) 242(92.7) 226(92.6)
 Female 389(83.8) 447(96.3) 443(95.5) 410(88.4) 381(85.8) 434(94.6) 432(94.3) 402(88.9) 368(96.6)* 413(95.2)* 410(94.9) 389(97.0)*
Residence
 Rural 243(85.0) 278(97.2) 277(96.9) 256(89.5) 240(89.2) 271(96.4) 271(96.8) 253(91.7) 228(95.0) 260(95.9) 260(95.9) 244(96.4)
 Urban 383(84.0) 434(95.2) 429(94.1) 402(88.2) 372(84.5) 421(93.8) 417(92.9)* 388(87.4) 356(95.7) 391(92.9) 388(93.0) 367(94.8)
Region
 Chongqing 479(90.2) 510(96.0) 507(95.5) 495(93.2) 467(94.0) 496(95.6) 494(95.4) 484(95.1) 443(94.9) 470(94.8) 470(95.1) 461(95.2)
 Guizhou 153(70.2)* 209(95.9) 206(94.5) 170(78.0)* 150(68.8)* 202(92.7) 200(91.7) 163(74.8)* 145(96.7) 186(92.1) 183(91.5) 155(95.7)
Type of PHCs
 THCs 397(85.2) 447(95.9) 442(94.8) 415(89.1) 392(89.3) 435(95.4) 432(94.9) 407(90.8) 373(95.2) 413(94.9) 413(95.6) 391(96.1)
 CHCs 235(83.0) 272(96.1) 271(95.8) 250(88.3) 225(81.5)* 263(93.6) 262(93.2) 240(86.2)* 215(95.6) 243(92.4) 240(91.6)* 225(94.1)
Quality of PHCs
 Good 329(78.9) 395(94.7) 390(93.5) 353(84.7) 324(80.6) 381(93.2) 378(92.6) 343(84.9) 306(94.4) 355(93.2) 353(93.4) 325(95.0)
 Poor 303(91.3)* 324(97.6)* 323(97.3)* 312(94.0)* 293(93.6)* 317(96.6)* 316(96.3)* 304(94.1)* 282(96.2) 301(95.0) 300(94.9) 192(95.7)
Marital status
 Married 471(84.6) 534(95.9) 530(95.2) 496(89.0) 460(86.5) 518(95.0) 515(94.7) 481(89.6) 440(95.7) 490(94.6) 487(94.6) 459(95.4)
 Divorced/Widowed 156(83.4) 180(96.3) 178(95.2) 164(87.7) 153(86.0) 176(94.1) 175(93.6) 162(87.6) 145(94.8) 163(92.6) 162(92.6) 153(95.0)
Education
 Primary and below 396(84.3) 448(95.3) 444(94.5) 415(88.3) 389(87.4) 437(95.0) 434(94.6) 406(89.8) 371(95.4) 417(95.4) 415(95.6) 390(96.1)
 Middle school 157(86.7) 176(97.2) 175(96.7) 164(90.6) 152(85.9) 169(93.9) 169(93.9) 158(88.8) 145(95.4) 154(91.1) 155(91.7) 149(94.3)
 College and above 78(80.4) 94(96.9) 93(95.9) 85(87.6) 75(81.5) 91(94.8) 90(93.8) 82(85.4) 71(94.7) 84(92.3) 82(91.1) 76(93.8)
Occupation (n=765)
 Employed in enterprises/institutions/government 227(82.8) 261(95.3) 260(94.9) 241(88.0) 217(81.6) 252(93.0) 251(92.6) 230(85.2) 206(94.9) 232(92.1) 229(91.2) 213(93.0)
 Peasants/ rural migrant workers 220(82.1) 255(95.1) 251(93.7) 231(86.2) 216(88.5) 246(94.3) 243(93.1) 226(89.0) 211(97.7) 237(96.3) 236(97.1) 221(97.8)
 Others 178(89.0)# 196(98.0) 195(97.5) 186(93.0)# 177(89.4)* 193(97.5) 193(98.0)* 184(93.9)* 167(94.4) 182(94.3) 183(94.6)* 177(96.2)*
Health insurance
 Basic health insurance 620(84.4) 705(95.9) 699(95.1) 652(88.7) 605(86.2) 685(94.7) 681(94.3) 634(88.8) 576(95.2) 644(94.0) 641(94.1) 604(95.4)
 No Basic health insurance 8(88.9) 9(100.0) 9(100.0) 9(100.0) 8(88.9) 9(100.0) 9(100.0) 9(100.0) 8(100.0) 8(88.9) 8(88.9) 8(88.9)
 No health insurance 3(75.0) 4(100.0) 4(100.0) 3(75.0) 3(100.0) 3(75.0) 3(75.0) 3(75.0) 3(100.0) 3(100.0) 3(100.0) 3(100.0)
Distance to PHCs
 <1km 493(84.4) 562(96.2) 557(95.4) 521(89.2) 481(86.2) 548(94.8) 544(94.3) 508(89.0) 461(95.8) 519(94.7) 516(94.9) 489(96.3)
 1-2km 71(79.8) 84(94.4) 83(93.3) 75(84.3) 72(85.7) 82(95.3) 82(95.3) 76(90.5) 68(94.4) 75(91.5) 75(91.5) 70(93.3)
 ≥2km 63(88.7) 68(95.8) 68(95.8) 64(90.1) 59(86.8) 63(92.6) 63(92.6) 58(86.6) 54(91.5) 57(90.5) 57(90.5) 53(91.4)
BMI(kg/m2)
 <18.5 20(62.5) 30(93.8) 29(90.6) 25(78.1) 20(66.7) 30(96.8) 29(93.5) 25(88.9) 20(100.0) 29(96.7) 27(93.1) 25(100.0)
 18.5-24.0 377(84.3) 423(94.6) 422(94.4) 394(88.1) 367(86.4) 411(93.6) 411(93.8) 383(80.6) 349(95.1) 383(93.2) 382(92.9) 363(94.8)
 24.0-30.0 187(86.6) 212(98.1) 208(96.3) 196(90.7) 182(87.9) 203(95.3) 200(93.9) 189(89.6) 173(95.1) 191(94.1) 191(95.5) 179(95.2)
 ≥30.0 39(95.1)* 41(100.0) 41(100.0) 40(97.6)* 39(97.5)* 41(100.0) 41(100.0) 40(97.6) 37(94.9) 40(97.6) 40(97.6) 39(97.5)
  1. *P<0.05