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Table 1 Definitions of social value codes clustered by category

From: Social values for health technology assessment in Canada: a scoping review of hepatitis C screening, diagnosis and treatment

Category Social Values Incorporated Definition
Equity and Justice Equity Absence of socially unjust or unfair health disparities [16]
Inequity Differences in health that are unjust, unfair, unnecessary and avoidable [16]
Justice Fair, equitable and appropriate treatment in light of what is owed or due to persons [17]
Distributive Justice Persons in like need ought to be treated the same way [4]
Egalitarianism All humans are equal and should be afforded equal rights and opportunities [24]
Duty to Provide Care Portability Requires provinces to cover insured health services provided to their residents while they are temporarily absent from their province of residence or from Canada [25]
Accessibility Insured persons must have reasonable and uniform access to insured health services, free of financial or other barriers; No-one may be discriminated against on the basis of such factors as income, age and health status [25]
Publicly Administered Each provincial health care insurance plan must be administered on a non-profit basis by a public authority [25]
Universality Demands that all residents in the province have access to public health care insurance and insured services on uniform terms and conditions [25]
Reciprocity Society must be prepared to facilitate individuals and communities in their efforts to discharge their duties, i.e., public health agencies should assist individuals in complying with health measures [17]
Duty to Provide Care Obligation to provide safe, competent and ethical care [24]
Maximization of Population Benefit Efficiency The balance that maximizes outcomes for given resources [1]
Utilitarianism The best action is the one that maximizes the well-being of all sentient beings. Supremacy to the needs of the community as it will benefit the largest number of individuals [26]
Individual Vs. Community Interests Liberalism Right of an individual to pursue their own conception of good (defined as beliefs about what makes life valuable or worthwhile) [27]
Libetarianism People should have freedom and autonomy of choice so long as it does not interfere with others autonomy and freedoms [28]
Welfarism Individual preferences, desires and decisions are the most important factors when doing an economic analysis [1]
Autonomy The right for an individual to make his or her own choice [17]
Communitarianism Emphasizes the responsibility of the individual to the community [24] Community should be at the forefront of our moral thinking [27]
Consequentialism The consequences of an action serve as the judgment of the rightness or wrongness of the action [29]