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Table 3 Variations in the direct causes of maternal deaths by socio demographic characteristics: South Africa 2007–2015

From: Maternal mortality by socio-demographic characteristics and cause of death in South Africa: 2007–2015

VariablesAbortion n (%)Hypertensive disorders n (%)Other maternal disorders n (%)Maternal care conditions n (%)Complications of labour and delivery n (%)Complications related to puerperium n (%)Haemorrhage n (%)Sepsis n (%)Maternal infectious and parasitic diseases n (%)Other ill definedMiscellaneous direct n (%)
Age group (years)
 10–146 (0.7)29 (1.6)9 (1.6)4 (0.9)2 (0.4)3 (0.5)2 (0.3)5 (0.8)7 (0.4)21 (0.9)6 (2.3)
 15–1989 (10.0)271 (15.0)61 (11.00)50 (11.3)42 (9.0)98 (16.4)64 (10.0)73 (12.2)154 (7.9)231 (9.6)32 (12.3)
 20–24197 (22.1)421 (23.4)116 (20.9)71 (16.0)82 (17.5)150 (25.0)127 (19.9)156 (26.2)395 (20.4)506 (21.0)61 (23.5)
 25–29231 (25.9)409 (22.7)145 (26.1)91 (20.5)130 (27.8)127 (21.2)147 (23.1)159 (26.7)583 (30.1)631 (26.2)58 (22.3)
 30–34213 (23.9)343 (19.0)106 (19.1)109 (24.6)112 (23.9)109 (18.2)158 (24.8)115 (19.3)457 (23.6)547 (22.7)53 (20.4)
 35–39113 (12.7)236 (13.1)73 (13.1)84 (19.0)79 (16.9)81 (13.5)88 (13.8)66 (11.1)228 (11.8)310 (12.9)38 (14.6)
 40+43 (4.8)92 (5.1)46 (8.3)34 (7.7)21 (4.5)31 (5.2)51 (8.0)22 (3.7)115 (15.9)166 (6.9)12 (4.6)
 Total892 (100)1801 (100)556 (100)443(100)468 (100)599(100)637 (100)596 (100)1939 (100)2412 (100)260 (100)
Province of death
 Western Cape46 (5.2)100 (5.6)27 (4.9)13 (2.9)22 (4.7)53 (5.2)14 (2.2)8 (1.3)100 (5.2)115 (4.8)34 (13.1)
 Eastern Cape98 (11.0)248 (13.8)70 (12.6)60 (13.5)70 (15.0)66 (11.0)96 (15.1)97 (16.3)248 (12.8)286 (11.9)18 (6.9)
 Northern Cape13 (1.5)40 (2.2)6 (1.1)11 (2.5)3 (0.6)16 (2.7)11 (1.7)10 (1.7)35 (1.8)58 (2.4)8 (3.1)
 Free State54 (6.1)167 (9.3)44 (7.9)28 (6.3)36 (7.7)58 (9.7)43 (6.8)47 (7.9)153 (7.9)229 (9.5)22 (8.5)
 KwaZulu-Natal201 (22.5)304 (16.9)136 (24.5)90 (20.3)89 (19.0)81 (13.5)121 (19.0155 (26.0)504 (26.0)478 (19.8)49 (18.8)
 North West54 (6.1)159 (8.8)44 (7.9)38 (8.6)38 (8.1)46 (7.7)59 (9.3)47 (7.9)144 (7.4)208 (8.6)25 (9.6)
 Gauteng227 (25.4)380 (21.1)103 (18.5)92 (20.8)111 (23.7)196 (32.7)141 (22.1)104 (17.4)395 (20.4)562 (23.3)68 (26.2)
 Mpumalanga85 (9.5)176 (9.8)50 (9.0)42 (9.5)32 (6.8)37 (6.2)69 (10.8)61 (10.2)188 (9.7)253 (10.5)16 (6.2)
 Limpopo109 (12.2)224 (12.4)75 (13.5)66 (14.9)66 (14.1)44 (7.3)81 (12.7)65 (10.9)170 (8.8)219 (9.1)20 (7.7)
 Other5 (0.6)3 (0.2)1 (0.2)3(0.7)1 (0.2)2 (0.3)2 (0.3)2 (0.3)2 (0.1)4 (0.2)0 (0)
Total892 (100)1801 (100)556 (100)443(100)468 (100)599(100)637 (100)596 (100)1939 (100)2412 (100)260 (100)
Place of death
 Health care facility603 (67.6)1360 (75.5)455 (81.8)347 (78.3)339 (72.4)470 (78.5)457 (71.7)463 (77.7)1641 (84.6)1844 (84.6)100 (38.5)
 Home83 (9.3)138 (7.7)30 (5.4)23 (5.2)26 (5.6)46 (7.7)60 (9.4)77 (12.9)125 (6.4)273 (11.3)68 (26.2)
 Other206 (23.1)303 (16.8)71 (12.8)73 (16.5)103 (22.0)83 (13.9)120 (18.8)56 (9.4)173 (8.9)295 (12.2)92 (35.4)
 Total892 (100)1801 (100)556 (100)443(100)468 (100)599(100)637 (100)596 (100)1939 (100)2412 (100)260 (100)
Occupation
 Professional21 (2.4)41 (2.3)25 (4.5)13 (2.9)17 (3.6)18 (3.0)10 (1.6)7 (1.2)38 (2.0)83 (3.4)3 (1.2)
 Semi-Professional67 (7.5)105 (5.8)37 (6.7)26 (5.9)34 (7.3)33 (5.5)37 (5.8)38 (6.4)160 (8.3)162 (6.7)27 (10.4)
 Unspecified78 (8.7)256 (14.2)69 (12.4)54 (12.2)62 (13.2)66 (11.0)73 (11.5)117 (19.6396 (20.4)364 (15.1)34 (13.2)
 Non-professionala726 (81.4)1399 (77.7)425 (76.4)350 (79.0)355 (75.9)482 (80.5)517 (81.2)434 (72.8)1345 (69.4)1803 (74.8)196 (75.4)
 Total892 (100)1801 (100)556 (100)443 (100)468 (100)599 (100)637 (100)596 (100)1939 (100)2412 (100)260 (100)
Education
 None25 (2.8)41 (2.3)15 (2.7)12 (2.7)11 (2.4)10 (1.7)12 (1.9)21 (3.5)37 (1.9)54 (2.2)7 (2.7)
 Primary92 (10.3)151 (8.4)43 (7.7)50 (11.3)41 (8.8)39 (6.5)70 (11.0)68 (11.4)207 (10.7)253 (10.5)25 (9.6)
 High School313 (35.1)584 (32.4)183 (32.9)157 (35.4)162 (34.6)165 (27.5)213 (33.4)200 (33.6)669 (34.5)782 (32.4)93 (35.8)
 University72 (8.1)136 (7.6)47 (8.5)34 (7.7)50 (10.7)52 (8.7)46 (7.2)28 (4.7)89 (4.6)183 (7.6)23 (8.8)
 Unspecified390 (43.7)889 (49.4)268 (48.2)190 (42.9)204 (43.6)333 (55.6)296 (46.5)279 (46.8)937 (48.3)1140 (47.3)112 (43.1)
 Total892 (100)1801 (100)556 (100)443 (100)468 (100)599(100)637 (100)596 (100)1939 (100)2412 (100)260 (100)
Marital Status
 Unmarried649 (72.8)1216 (67.5)370 (66.5)297 (67.0)317 (67.7)383 (63.9)425 (66.7)446 (74.8)1374 (70.9)1666 (69.1)183 (70.4)
 Married140 (15.7)312 (17.3)111 (20.0)87 (19.6)98 (20.9)123 (20.5)133 (20.9)72 (12.1)296 (15.3)430 (17.8)41 (15.8)
 Unspecified103 (11.5)273 (15.2)75 (13.5)59 (13.3)53 (11.3)93 (15.5)79 (12.4)78 (13.1)269 (13.9)316 (13.1)36 (13.8)
 Total892 (100)1801 (100)556 (100)443 (100)468 (100)599(100)637 (100)596 (100)1939 (100)2412 (100)260 (100)
  1. aThis category is classified by StatsSA as inclusive of armed forces, occupation unspecified and not elsewhere classified
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