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Table 2 Variations in the indirect causes of maternal deaths by socio-demographic characteristics: South Africa 2007–2015

From: Maternal mortality by socio-demographic characteristics and cause of death in South Africa: 2007–2015

VariablesTuberculosis n (%)HIV and related n (%)Viral diseases n (%)Immune system disorders n (%)Other ill-defined n (%)Accidental injury n (%)Event of undetermined intent n (%)Miscellaneous indirect n (%)
Age group (years)
 10–140 (0)4 (0.4)0 (0)0 (0)6 (2.2)17 (3.7)5 (2.6)22 (1.6)
 15–198 (3.0)42 (4.3)21 (4.7)6 (1.8)39 (14.0)90 (19.7)44 (22.7)111 (8.2)
 20–2439 (14.4)174 (18.0)82 (18.4)66 (20.0)35 (12.5)106 (23.2)55 (28.4)188 (14.0)
 25–2961 (22.5)288 (29.8)131 (29.4)93 (28.2)64 (22.9)92 (20.2)39 (20.1)268 (19.9)
 30–3457 (21.0)254 (26.2)113 (25.3)82 (24.8)40 (14.3)62 (13.6)24 (12.4)220 (16.3)
 35–3941 (15.1)134 (13.9)53 (11.9)42 (12.7)35 (12.5)39 (8.6)12 (6.2)178 (13.2)
 40+65 (24.0)71 (7.3)46 (10.3)41 (12.4)60 (21.5)50 (11.0)15 (7.7)359 (26.7)
 Total271(100)967 (100)446 (100)330 (100)279 (100)456(100)194 (100)1346 (100)
Province of death
 Western Cape14 (5.2)111 (11.5)25 (5.6)11 (3.3)34 (12.2)52 (11.4)16 (8.2)114 (8.5)
 Eastern Cape40 (14.8)115 (11.9)68 (15.2)35 (10.6)33 (11.8)60 (13.2)31 (16.0)169 (12.6)
 Northern Cape3 (1.1)38 (3.9)6 (1.3)4 (1.2)8 (2.9)15 (3.3)1 (0.5)38 (2.8)
 Free State27 (10.0)43 (4.4)20 (4.5)35 (10.6)16 (5.7)27 (5.9)15 (7.7)140 (10.4)
 KwaZulu-Natal86 (31.7)304 (31.4)116 (26.0)61 (18.5)50 (17.9)110 (24.1)38 (19.6)263 (19.5)
 North West17 (6.3)59 (6.1)41 (9.2)36 (10.9)22 (7.9)18 (3.9)22 (11.3)99 (7.4)
 Gauteng36 (13.3)162 (16.8)78 (17.5)66 (20.0)66 (23.7)96 (21.1)54 (27.8)246 (18.3)
 Other1 (0)0 (0)1 (0.2)2 (0.6)1 (0.4)1(0.2)1 (0.5)3 (0.2)
 Total271 (100)967 (100)446 (100)330 (100)279 (100)456(100)194 (100)1346 (100)
Place of death
 Health care facility201 (74.2)835 (86.3)384 (86.1)268 (81.2)73 (26.2)123 (27.0)65 (33.5)831 (61.7)
 Home45 (16.6)51 (5.3)19 (4.3)34 (10.3)83 (29.7)55 (12.1)18 (9.3)226 (16.8)
 Other25 (9.2)81 (8.4)43 (9.6)28 (8.5)123 (44.1)278 (61.0)111 (57.2)289 (21.5)
 Total271 (100)967 (100)446 (100)330 (100)279 (100)456(100)194 (100)1346 (100)
Occupation
 Professional3 (1.1)13 (1.3)5 (1.1)7 (2.1)5 (1.8)20 (4.4)3 (1.5)48 (3.6)
 Semi-Professional38 (14.0)86 (8.9)33 (7.4)31 (9.4)15 (5.4)47 (10.3)16 (8.2)142 (10.5)
 Unspecified33 (12.2)101 (10.4)54 (12.1)45 (13.6)13 (4.7)60 (13.2)17 (8.8)147 (10.9)
 Non-professionala197 (72.7)767 (79.3)354 (79.4)247 (74.8)246 (88.2)329 (72.1)158 (81.4)1009 (75.0)
 Total271 (100)967 (100)446 (100)330 (100)279 (100)456(100)194 (100)1346 (100)
Education
 None15 (5.5)27 (2.8)9 (2.0)11 (3.3)11 (3.9)9 (2.0)5 (2.6)68 (5.1)
 Primary42 (15.5)91 (9.4)57 (12.8)41 (12.4)26 (9.3)42 (9.2)20 (10.3)170 (12.6)
 High School97 (35.8)346 (35.8)133 (29.8)108 (32.7)88 (31.5)189 (41.4)77 (39.7)424 (31.5)
 University14 (5.2)56 (5.8)32 (7.2)20 (6.1)25 (9.0)66 (14.5)20 (10.3)101 (7.5)
 Unspecified103 (38.0)447 (46.2)215 (48.2)150 (45.5)129 (46.2)150 (32.9)72 (37.1)583 (43.3)
 Total271 (100)967 (100)446 (100)330 (100)279 (100)456 (100)194 (100)1346 (100)
Marital Status
 Unmarried204 (75.3)704 (72.8)326 (73.1)249 (75.5)190 (68.1)341 (74.8)149 (76.8)926 (68.8)
 Married32 (11.8)108 (11.2)53 (11.9)36 (10.9)46 (16.5)84 (18.4)30 (15.5)251 (18.6)
 Unspecified35 (12.9)155 (16.0)67 (15.0)45 (13.6)43 (15.4)31 (6.8)15 (7.7)169 (12.6)
 Total271 (100)967 (100)446 (100)330 (100)279 (100)456 (100)194 (100)1346 (100)
  1. aThis category is classified by StatsSA as inclusive of armed forces, occupation unspecified and not elsewhere classified
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