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Table 1 Demographic, chilla, and depression characteristics, Bachpan cohort, Pakistana

From: Maternal depression in rural Pakistan: the protective associations with cultural postpartum practices

 Mean or NSD or %MinMax
Demographic Characteristics (N = 823)
 Maternal Age26.624.431840
Maternal Education
 None11112.23  
 Primary (1–5)15917.46  
 Middle (6–8)15718.94  
 Secondary (9, 10)20925.96  
 Higher Secondary (11, 12)8410.92  
 Tertiary (> 12)10314.50  
Parity
 First Pregnancy23830.60  
 One or more children58569.40  
SES Quintiles
 Lowest15315.99  
 Lower Middle16318.56  
 Middle17121.13  
 Upper Middle16521.64  
 Highest17122.68  
Mother-in-law
 Yes55768.56  
 People in Room2.371.73023
 MSPSS 3 month4.741.1517
Chilla Characteristics (N = 729)
 Chilla
  Yes72989.44  
Duration
  1–7719.06  
  8–14789.58  
  15–2012015.79  
  21–25384.89  
  26–30537.01  
  31–35304.25  
  36–4033949.42  
Chores
  Yes62085.30  
Female Support
  Yes68694.66  
 Diet
  Yes67993.84  
 Satisfaction
  Yes60284.79  
Depression Characteristics (N = 823)
 SCID (Baseline)40537.54  
 SCID (Six months)21723.06  
PHQ-9 (Baseline)8.736.68027
PHQ-9 (6 months)4.705.44027
  1. a Percentages are based on weighted data to account for the sampling design in which 1 in every 3 non-depressed pregnant women were eligible for study inclusion; Abbreviations: Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Socioeconomic Status (SES), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID)