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Table 3 Compliance by store characteristics (Minneapolis only)

From: Store and neighborhood differences in retailer compliance with a local staple foods ordinance

Compliance OutcomeStore characteristicPre-policy (2014) Mean (SE)Implementation only (2015) Mean (SE)Early initiation of enforcement (2016) Mean (SE)Continued monitoring (2017) Mean (SE)Overall Effect (time-by-characteristic)
p (df = 3)
Met at least 8 of 10 ordinance standards (% of stores)Larger size (3+ registers)8.3 (5.6)21.4 (7.8)17.9 (7.2)53.6 (9.4)0.08
Smaller size (1–2 registers)32.1 (6.4)52.0 (7.1)38.8 (7.0)48.8 (7.6) 
Corporate5.7 (3.9)18.0 (6.1)20.5 (6.5)57.9 (8.0)<.0001
Independent40.5 (7.6)64.1 (7.7)42.1 (8.0)42.4 (8.6) 
p-net 0.660.090.0002 
10 point scale (0–10; 1 point for each category where standard met)Larger size (3+ registers)5.4 (0.3)5.5 (0.4)6.4 (0.3)7.3 (0.3)0.03
Smaller size (1–2 registers)5.7 (0.4)7.0 (0.4)6.7 (0.3)7.1 (0.3) 
p-net 0.030.940.43 
Corporate5.0 (0.3)5.5 (0.3)6.4 (0.3)7.3 (0.3)0.0008
Independent6.1 (0.5)7.4 (0.4)6.8 (0.4)7.0 (0.4) 
p-net 0.080.160.01 
Have any food in each of 10 categories (% of stores)Larger size (3+ registers)8.3 (5.6)17.9 (7.2)35.7 (9.1)78.6 (7.8)0.08
Smaller size (1–2 registers)35.9 (6.6)50.0 (7.1)59.2 (7.0)72.1 (6.8) 
Corporate8.6 (4.7)10.3 (4.9)38.5 (7.8)76.3 (6.9)0.002
Independent42.9 (7.6)66.7 (7.5)63.2 (7.8)72.7 (7.8) 
p-net 0.250.120.006 
  1. Note: All models adjusted for repeated measures over time; p-net values refer to changes in time-by-characteristic effect from pre-policy to implementation only, from pre-policy to early initiation of enforcement, from pre-policy to continued monitoring respectively; bolded values: p ≤ .05
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