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Table 2 Compliance in Minneapolis vs. St. Paul

From: Store and neighborhood differences in retailer compliance with a local staple foods ordinance

Compliance OutcomeCityPre-policy (2014) Mean (SE)Implementation only (2015) Mean (SE)Early initiation of enforcement (2016) Mean (SE)Continued monitoring (2017) Mean (SE)Overall Effect (time-by-city) P (df = 3)
Met 80% of ordinance standards (% of stores)Minneapolis (Policy)24.4 (4.9)40.7 (5.6)31.0 (5.2)50.5 (5.9)0.83
St. Paul (Control)3.2 (2.2)11.6 (4.1)6.7 (3.2)14.4 (4.7) 
10 point scale (0–10; 1 point for each standard met)Minneapolis (Policy)5.7 (0.3)6.4 (0.3)6.6 (0.2)7.1 (0.2)0.30
St. Paul (Control)4.4 (0.2)4.7 (0.3)4.9 (0.3)5.3 (0.3) 
Have any food in each of 10 categories (% of stores)Minneapolis (Policy)27.6 (5.2)39.0 (5.5)51.1 (5.8)75.1 (5.1)0.01
St. Paul (Control)12.3 (4.1)12.7 (4.2)16.3 (4.7)19.1 (5.2) 
p-net p = 0.27p = 0.13p = 0.0009 
  1. Note: Regression models are adjusted for repeated measures over time and for neighborhood race/ethnicity (the only covariate that was significant in bivariate comparisons between Minneapolis and St. Paul); p-net values refer to changes in time-by-city effect from pre-policy to implementation only, from pre-policy to early initiation of enforcement, from pre-policy to continued monitoring respectively bolded values: p ≤ .05
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