Skip to main content

Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of 3188 Youth by sex, Jujuy, Argentina, 2005I

From: Youth working in tobacco farming: effects on smoking behavior and association with health status

 Girls N (%) N = 1739Boys N (%) N = 1495Total N (%) N = 3234p value
Sociodemographic characteristics
Low SES457 (25.8)314 (20.0)771 (23.1)0.006*
Ethnicity
 Indigenous1215 (71.7)975 (65.0)2190 (68.6)0.001*
 Mixed Indigenous/European342 (21.5)307 (22.8)649 (22.1) 
 European101 (6.8)150 (12.1)251 (9.3) 
Religion
 Catholic1461 (85.2)1248 (85.1)2709 (85.1)0.887
 Evangelical186 (10.8)159 (10.4)345 (10.6) 
 Other67 (4.0)67 (4.5)134 (4.2) 
Number of friends who smoke
 None454 (27.6)320 (23.4)774 (25.7)0.056
 1–4446 (27.1)345 (24.8)791 (26.1) 
 5+720 (45.3)724 (51.8)1444 (48.3) 
Adult smokers at home1314 (76.8)1076 (73.2)2390 (75.2)0.018*
Health variables
Perceived health
  Excellent/good1232 (74.7)1240 (85.7)2472 (79.7)0.001*
  Fair/poor479 (25.3)225 (14.3)704 (20.3) 
  Serious injury590 (33.5)678 (46.9)1268 (39.6)0.001*
  Accidental injury by someone else67 (4.0)97 (6.2)164 (5.0)0.002*
  Assaulted28 (1.6)64 (4.5)92 (2.9)0.001*
  Poisoned by chemical products11 (0.8)17 (1.0)28 (0.9)0.452
Smoking Prevalence T1 (2005)
Ever smoker969 (57.0)841 (56.2)1810 (56.6)0.691
Current smoker561 (33.7)521 (35.1)1082 (34.4)0.7181
Established smoker146 (8.9)194 (13.0)340 (10.8)0.004*
Tobacco farming
Ever worked in Tobacco Farming190 (10.3)193 (12.9)383 (11.5)0.044*
 Age started working in tobacco farming, Mean years (95% CI)12.0 (11.4–13.0)12.7 (12.1–13.2)12.2 (11.8–12.6) 
  1. * Chi square test, p value
\