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Table 1 List and characteristics of studies included for the Systematic review and meta-analysis

From: Intestinal parasites among food handlers of food service establishments in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author/s and year of publication Region Study Setting Sample size Number of Positive Overall Prevalence Summary of risk of bias assessment Reported intestinal parasites Hygiene factor/s considered for analysis
Abera et al., 2010 [28] Amhara Restaurants and cafeterias 384 179 46.6% Low risk Al, A, T, Sm, Hn, Gl, H, Ss, and Tt Hand wash ing after toilet, and food preparation training
Abera et al.,2016 [15] Amhara Bahir Dar University cafeterias 410 53 12.93% Low risk Al, A, H, Sm, Hn, Gl, Ss and Tt Medical checkup
Aklilu et al., 2015 [16] Addis Abeba Addis Abeba University Cafeterias 172 96 55.81% Low risk Al, A, T, Gl, H, and Tt
Andargie et al., 2008 [35] Amhara Higher institutions Cafeterias in Gondar 127 37 29.10% Low risk Al, A, H, Gl, Sm, Ss and Tt
Asires et al., 2019 [14] Amhara East and West Gojjam Prison 344 123 35.76% Low risk Al, A, Hn, Gl, Ev, and H
Bedaso, 2010 [23] Addis Abeba Orphanage Centers cafeterias 40 14 35% High risk Al, A, T, and Gl,
Belhu, 2017 [24] Addis Abeba Public Hospitals cafeterias 368 119 32.34% Medium risk Al, A, T, Gl, H, and Tt Hand washing before food, hand washing after toilet use, food preparation training,
and medical checkup
Dagnew et al., 2012 [18] Amhara Gondar University cafeterias 200 50 25% Low risk Al, Sm, T, Gl, A, and Ss Hand washing before food preparation and medical checkup
Desta et al., 2014 [17] Southern Hawassa University cafeterias 272 51 18.75% Medium risk Al, Sm, T, A, Gl, H and Ss Hand washing before food preparation
Gebreyesus et al., 2014 [19] Tigray Mekelle University cafeterias 307 139 45.27% Medium risk Al, Sm, A, T, Hn, Gl, H and Ss Hand washing before food, food preparation training,
and medical checkup
Gezehegn et al., 2017 [25] Tigray Restaurants and cafeterias 400 57 14.25% Low risk Sm, A, Hn, H, and Gl food preparation training
Girma et al., 2017 [36] Oromia Jimma University cafeterias 94 29 30.85% Low risk Al, A, T,
Hn, Ev, Gl, H, and Tt
food preparation training and medical checkup
Kebede et al., 2019 [20] Amhara Wollo University cafeterias 200 28 14% Low risk Al, A, T, and Gl,
Nigusse & Kumie, 2012 [12] Tigray Mekelle University cafeterias 229 107 46.72% Low risk Sm, A, T, Hn, and Gl, medical checkup
Mama and Alemu, 2016 [37] Southern Arbaminch University cafeterias 376 123 32.71% Low risk Al, A, T, Gl, H, Ss and Tt
Marami et al., 2018 [21] Oromia Haramaya University Cafeterias 417 102 24.46% Low risk Al, A, T, Hn, Gl, and H, Hand washing before food, hand washing after toilet use, food preparation training, and medical checkup
Sahlemariam and Mekete, 2001 [22] Oromia Higher institution cafeterias in Jimma 101 59 58.41% Low risk Al, A, T, Gl, H, and Tt
Solomon et al., 2018 [27] Southern Restaurants and cafeterias 387 159 41.08% Low risk Sm, Al, A, T, Hn, Gl, H, Ss and Tt
Tefera, & Mebrie, 2014 [26] Oromia Restaurants and cafeterias 118 52 44% Low risk Al, A, Ev, Gl, H, and Tt Hand washing before food, hand washing after toilet use
Wadilo et al.,2016 [13] Southern Restaurants and cafeterias 288 97 33.68% Low risk Sm, Al, A, Hn, Gl, H, T, Tt, and Ss Hand washing before food, hand washing after toilet use, food preparation training, and medical checkup
  1. Abbreviations: Al Ascaris lumbricoides, A Entamoeba histolytica/dispar, T Taenia species, H Hookworms, Gl Giardia lamblia, Hn Hymenlopsis nana, Ss Strongloides stercolaris, Ev Enterobius vermicularis, Sm Schistosoma mansoni and Tt Trichuris trichiura