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Table 1 List and characteristics of studies included for the Systematic review and meta-analysis

From: Intestinal parasites among food handlers of food service establishments in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author/s and year of publicationRegionStudy SettingSample sizeNumber of PositiveOverall PrevalenceSummary of risk of bias assessmentReported intestinal parasitesHygiene factor/s considered for analysis
Abera et al., 2010 [28]AmharaRestaurants and cafeterias38417946.6%Low riskAl, A, T, Sm, Hn, Gl, H, Ss, and TtHand wash ing after toilet, and food preparation training
Abera et al.,2016 [15]AmharaBahir Dar University cafeterias4105312.93%Low riskAl, A, H, Sm, Hn, Gl, Ss and TtMedical checkup
Aklilu et al., 2015 [16]Addis AbebaAddis Abeba University Cafeterias1729655.81%Low riskAl, A, T, Gl, H, and Tt
Andargie et al., 2008 [35]AmharaHigher institutions Cafeterias in Gondar1273729.10%Low riskAl, A, H, Gl, Sm, Ss and Tt
Asires et al., 2019 [14]AmharaEast and West Gojjam Prison34412335.76%Low riskAl, A, Hn, Gl, Ev, and H
Bedaso, 2010 [23]Addis AbebaOrphanage Centers cafeterias401435%High riskAl, A, T, and Gl,
Belhu, 2017 [24]Addis AbebaPublic Hospitals cafeterias36811932.34%Medium riskAl, A, T, Gl, H, and TtHand washing before food, hand washing after toilet use, food preparation training,
and medical checkup
Dagnew et al., 2012 [18]AmharaGondar University cafeterias2005025%Low riskAl, Sm, T, Gl, A, and SsHand washing before food preparation and medical checkup
Desta et al., 2014 [17]SouthernHawassa University cafeterias2725118.75%Medium riskAl, Sm, T, A, Gl, H and SsHand washing before food preparation
Gebreyesus et al., 2014 [19]TigrayMekelle University cafeterias30713945.27%Medium riskAl, Sm, A, T, Hn, Gl, H and SsHand washing before food, food preparation training,
and medical checkup
Gezehegn et al., 2017 [25]TigrayRestaurants and cafeterias4005714.25%Low riskSm, A, Hn, H, and Glfood preparation training
Girma et al., 2017 [36]OromiaJimma University cafeterias942930.85%Low riskAl, A, T,
Hn, Ev, Gl, H, and Tt
food preparation training and medical checkup
Kebede et al., 2019 [20]AmharaWollo University cafeterias2002814%Low riskAl, A, T, and Gl,
Nigusse & Kumie, 2012 [12]TigrayMekelle University cafeterias22910746.72%Low riskSm, A, T, Hn, and Gl,medical checkup
Mama and Alemu, 2016 [37]SouthernArbaminch University cafeterias37612332.71%Low riskAl, A, T, Gl, H, Ss and Tt
Marami et al., 2018 [21]OromiaHaramaya University Cafeterias41710224.46%Low riskAl, A, T, Hn, Gl, and H,Hand washing before food, hand washing after toilet use, food preparation training, and medical checkup
Sahlemariam and Mekete, 2001 [22]OromiaHigher institution cafeterias in Jimma1015958.41%Low riskAl, A, T, Gl, H, and Tt
Solomon et al., 2018 [27]SouthernRestaurants and cafeterias38715941.08%Low riskSm, Al, A, T, Hn, Gl, H, Ss and Tt
Tefera, & Mebrie, 2014 [26]OromiaRestaurants and cafeterias1185244%Low riskAl, A, Ev, Gl, H, and TtHand washing before food, hand washing after toilet use
Wadilo et al.,2016 [13]SouthernRestaurants and cafeterias2889733.68%Low riskSm, Al, A, Hn, Gl, H, T, Tt, and SsHand washing before food, hand washing after toilet use, food preparation training, and medical checkup
  1. Abbreviations: Al Ascaris lumbricoides, A Entamoeba histolytica/dispar, T Taenia species, H Hookworms, Gl Giardia lamblia, Hn Hymenlopsis nana, Ss Strongloides stercolaris, Ev Enterobius vermicularis, Sm Schistosoma mansoni and Tt Trichuris trichiura
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