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Table 2 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models predicting low-risk drinkers (8434) compared to abstainers (4796)

From: Adult low-risk drinkers and abstainers are not the same

 BivariateMultivariatea
OR95% CIOR95% CI
Sex
 Male1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 
 Female1.02(0.93, 1.11)1.07(0.97, 1.19)
Age
 18–241 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 
 25–391.46***(1.19, 1.79)1.20(0.92, 1.57)
 40–641.98***(1.63, 2.40)1.56***(1.23, 2.07)
 65 and older1.35**(1.11, 1.65)1.58**(1.18, 2.06)
Country of birth
 Australian1.98***(1.81, 2.16)1.85***(1.68, 2.05)
 Other1 (Ref)1 (Ref)1 (Ref)1 (Ref)
Marital status
 Never married0.68***(0.59, 0.77)0.86(0.73, 1.02)
 Widowed0.54***(0.46, 0.63)0.67***(0.55, 0.81)
 Divorced/separated0.83**(0.72, 0.94)0.95(0.82, 1.10)
 Married/defacto/life partner1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 
Dependent children in householdb
 None1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 
 One or more1.12*(1.02, 1.23)0.93(0.83, 1.04)
Highest qualification
 Yr 13 or equivalent or less1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 
 Certificate or Diploma1.56***(1.41, 1.73)1.43***(1.28, 1.60)
 Bachelor or higher1.90***(1.70, 2.12)1.48***(1.30, 1.69)
Household annual income
 Low ($51,999 or less)1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 
 Middle ($52,000–$103,999)1.84***(1.63, 2.08)1.68***(1.46, 1.93)
 High ($104,000+)2.96***(2.59, 3.39)2.34***(1.99, 2.74)
Neighbourhood disadvantagec
 1 (lowest)1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 
 21.42***(1.24, 1.62)1.23**(1.07, 1.42)
 31.75***(1.52, 2.00)1.48***(1.27, 1.71)
 42.18***(1.91, 2.49)1.71***(1.48, 1.98)
 5 (highest)2.67***(2.32, 3.08)2.19***(1.86, 2.58)
Geographical location
 Metro1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 
 Inner regional1.29***(1.15, 1.45)1.29***(1.13, 1.47)
 Outer regional/remote0.99(0.87, 1.3)1.11(0.96, 1.29)
  1. a Odds ratios (ORs) were adjusted for all the variables listed in this table
  2. b Dependent children are children aged 0 to 14 and those aged over 14 who are not financially independent for whom the respondent is the parent or guardian of
  3. c Neighbourhood disadvantage equates to the Socio-Economic Index For Areas (SEIFA; high scores equate to low levels of disadvantage)
  4. Outcome variable: low-risk (n = 8434) (1), abstainer (n = 4796) (0)
  5. Ns are based on unweighted data and estimates (%, ORs and confidence intervals (CI) are based on weighted data. CI: p < .05 is *; p < .01 is **; p < .001 is ***