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Table 1 Sample description (N=926)

From: Relationships with caregivers and mental health outcomes among adolescents living with HIV: a prospective cohort study in South Africa

Variable Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 3 Range of scales
Gender (female), N (%) 509 (55)  
Age (years), mean (SD) 13.55 (2.88) 15.06 (2.88) 16.25 (2.90) N/A
Rural, N (%) 246 (27) 228 (25) 221 (24) N/A
Mode of infection (recently infected), N (%) 197 (21) N/A
Primary caregiver not biological parent, N (%) 519 (56) 548 (59) 552 (60) N/A
Orphan, N (%) 544 (59) 558 (60) 637 (69) N/A
Necessities household can afford out of 8, mean (SD) 6.37 (1.81) 5.55 (2.26) 5.69 (2.29) 0–8
Depression symptoms, mean (SD) 0.84 (1.30) 0.60 (1.11) 0.48 (1.01) 0–10
Anxiety symptoms, mean (SD) 2.15 (2.62) 0.87 (1.89) 0.67 (1.55) 0–14
Caregiver supervision scale, mean (SD) 33.89 (8.92) 34.86 (6.58) 33.97 (7.34) 0–24
Positive caregiving scale, mean (SD) 19.82 (4.88) 18.95 (5.23) 18.41 (5.30) 0–40
Caregiver communication scale, mean (SD) 13.80 (2.79) 13.81 (2.64) 14.01 (2.95) 0–20
  1. Orphan defined as someone with one or both biological parents who have passed away. Depression items coded as yes/no for each of the 10 symptoms.