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Table 2 Prevalence and correlates of central obesity by different selected characteristics of the respondents (N = 392)

From: Setting – based prevalence and correlates of central obesity: findings from a cross-sectional study among formal sector employees in Dodoma City, Central Tanzania

Variable Central Obesity (%)# OR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI p-value
Sex    < 0.001   < 0.001
 Male 71 (28.0)*** 1   1
 Female 93 (67.4) 5.33 (3.39,8.35)   9.53 (5.49, 16.78)
Age    < 0.001   0.018
 ≤ 30 26 (25.5)*** 1   1
 31–40 466 (43.4) 2.24 (1.29, 3.88)   2.05 (1.06, 3.96)
 41–50 45 (48.4) 2.74 (1.49, 5.00)   2.58 (1.19, 5.57)
 ≥ 51 51 (60.0) 4.39 (2.08, 9.23)   4.15 (1.65, 10.42)
Employment sector    0.205
 Public 113 (44.1)* 1  
 Private 51 (37.5) 0.76 (0.49, 1.16)  
Educational status    0.14
 Non bachelor degree 49 (33.8)** 1  
 Bachelor Degree and higher 115 (46.6) 1.71 (1.12, 2.61)  
Type of occupation    0.006
 Supportive staff 45 (32.4)** 1  
 Professional staff 81 (44.0) 1.64 (1.04, 2.60)  
 Administrative staff 38 (55.1) 2.56 (1.42, 4.63)  
Monthly salary (TSh)    0.02
 <  400,000 32 (31.1)** 1  
 400,000–1,000,000 70 (40.0) 1.48 (0.88,2.48)  
 >  1,000,000 62 (54.4) 2.65 (1.52, 4.62)  
Means of transport to and from workplace    0.18
 Walking/ bicycle 12 (25.5)** 1  
 Motor vehicle/ cycle 152 (44.1) 2.29 (1.15, 4.58)  
Source of meals at workplace    0.002 0.041
 Food vendors 137 (39.1)** 1   1
 Homemade 27 (64.3) 2.79 (1.44, 5.45)   2.32 (1.04, 4.19)
Current alcohol use    0.151
 No 94 (39.0)* 1  
 Yes 70 (46.4) 1.35 (0.89, 2.04)  
Hypertension    0.006 0.005
 No 139 (39.5)** 1   1
 Yes 25 (62.5) 2.55 (1.30, 5.02)   3.12 (1.41, 6.91)
  1. #Differences in prevalence was assessed by chi-square test and the p-value obtained were as follows; *** p = < 0.001, ** p = < 0.05,* p = ≥ 0.05