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Table 3 Frequencies, unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (ORs), along with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) and p-values of consuming cannabis in the past-year in middle and older aged females, aged 40 years and older, based on the Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, 2017

From: Cannabis use and patterns among middle and older aged Canadians prior to legalization: a sex-specific analysis of the Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey

  Unweighted N (%) Weighted N (%) % Female Cannabis Use in the past-year Female Cannabis Use in the past-year
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
P value Female Cannabis Use in the past-year
Adjusted OR (95% CI)
P- Value
Sociodemographic Factors
Age
  40–49 839 (31.0) 2,372,501 (25.23) 7.57 2.58 (0.8–8.2) 0.11 2.51 (0.6–10.3) 0.20
  50–59 993 (36.7) 2,643,036 (28.11) 8.35 4.37 (1.5–13.1) 0.01 3.62 (0.9–15.2) 0.08
  60–69 463 (17.1) 2,204,961 (23.45) 5.11 3.92 (1.3–11.9) 0.02 2.11 (0.5–8.7) 0.30
  70+ 409 (15.1) 2,182,059 (23.21) 2.04 1   1  
Provincea
  Western-BC 257 (9.5) 1,284,160 (13.66) 16.50 5.59 (2.5–12.7) < 0.001 5.50 (2.4–12.8) < 0.001
  Western-Parries 614 (22.7) 1,520,428 (16.17) 5.94 1.78 (1.0–3.3) 0.06 1.32 (0.7–2.6) 0.41
  Eastern-Atlantic 937 (34.7) 686,535 (7.30) 7.95 2.44 (1.4–4.2) < 0.001 2.63 (1.4–4.9) < 0.001
 Central 896 (33.1) 5,911,434 (62.87) 3.41 1   1  
Community Dwelling
  Rural 741 (27.4) 2,148,670 (22.85) 3.08 1   1  
  Urban 1963 (72.6) 7,253,887 (77.15) 6.78 2.29 (1.40–3.74) < 0.001 2.21 (1.24–3.91) 0.01
Marital Status
  Partner 1004 (37.4) 6,247,035 (66.82) 5.56 1   1  
  No Partner 1677 (62.6) 3,101,371 (33.18) 6.75 1.23 (0.7–2.2) 0.48 1.37 (0.7–2.6) 0.32
Indigenous Status
  Yes 113 (4.3) 348,095 (3.80) 9.28 1.64 (0.5–5.1) 0.40 1.95 (0.6–5.9) 0.24
  No 2538 (95.7) 8,802,025 (96.20) 5.88 1   1  
Education
  University degree and above 534 (22.1) 2,427,296 (26.46) 4.46 1   1  
  Trade/College 1026 (42.4) 3,610,170 (39.36) 6.79 1.56 (0.9–2.8) 0.14 1.47 (0.7–2.9) 0.27
  Secondary 631 (26.1) 2,211,016 (24.10) 7.87 1.83 (0.8–4.2) 0.15 1.52 (0.6–4.0) 0.40
  Less than Secondary 226 (9.4) 924,819 (10.08) 2.43 0.53 (0.1–2.3) 0.39 0.66 (0.1–4.4) 0.67
Current Employment
  Not Employed 1192 (44.8) 5,222,818 (56.43) 4.99 1   1  
  Employed 1470 (55.2) 4,031,823 (43.57) 7.17 1.47 (0.8–2.7) 0.22 1.29 (0.6–2.8) 0.54
Health Factors
Self-perceived Health
  Very Good/Excellent 1674 (62.0) 5,755,823 (61.28) 5.49 1   1  
  Good 722 (26.7) 2,505,452 (26.67) 5.76 1.05 (0.6–2.0) 0.87 0.95 (0.5–1.8) 0.88
  Fair/Poor 306 (11.3) 1,132,105 (12.05) 8.68 1.63 (0.8–3.4) 0.18 1.17 (0.4–3.5) 0.78
Self-perceived Mental Health
  Very Good/Excellent 1927 (71.5) 6,824,680 (72.85) 4.56 1   1  
  Good 622 (23.0) 2,048,872 (21.87) 7.06 1.59 (0.9–2.9) 0.14 1.35 (0.7–2.6) 0.37
  Fair/Poor 147 (5.5) 495,105 (5.28) 21.31 5.67 (1.6–20.3) 0.01 4.29 (1.1–16.3) 0.03
Substance Use Variables
Drink Alcohol
  No 687 (25.8) 2,276,016 (24.59) 3.88 1   1  
  Yes 1975 (74.2) 6,978,702 (75.41) 6.57 1.74 (0.8–3.7) 0.15 1.72 (0.7–4.0) 0.21
Smoke Cigarette
  No 2322 (85.9) 8,179,106 (85.46) 3.88 1   1  
  Yes 382 (14.1) 1,223,451 (13.01) 19.87 6.15 (3.1–12.1) < 0.001 2.90 (1.5–5.6) < 0.001
Other Tobacco Productsb
  No 2631 (97.5) 9,240,658 (98.38) 5.43 1   1  
  Yes 67 (2.5) 152,494 (1.62) 36.34 9.94 (3.5–27.9) < 0.001 7.55 (2.3–25.0) < 0.001
Illicit Drug Usec
  No 2599 (98.8) 9,052,725 (98.89) 5.67 1   1  
  Yes 31 (1.2) 80,090 (0.88) 44.69 13.45 (2.0–92.1) < 0.001 6.99 (1.2–41.8) 0.03
  1. aWestern-BC category includes: British Columbia; Western Prairies category includes: Manitoba, Saskatchewan, & Alberta; Eastern Atlantic category includes: Newfoundland & Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island & New Brunswick; and Central category includes Quebec & Ontario
  2. bIncludes: Cigarillo, Cigar, Tobacco Water-pipe and Smokeless tobacco
  3. cIncludes: cocaine, speed/meth, ecstasy, hallucinogens, salvia, heroin, inhalants, abuse of pain relievers, stimulants and sedatives to get high in the past-year