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Table 2 Frequencies, unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (ORs), along with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) and p-values of consuming cannabis in the past-year in middle and older aged males, aged 40 years and older, based on the Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, 2017

From: Cannabis use and patterns among middle and older aged Canadians prior to legalization: a sex-specific analysis of the Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey

  Unweighted N (%) Weighted N (%) % of Male Cannabis Use in the past-year Male Cannabis Use in the past-year
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
P value Male Cannabis Use in the past-year
Adjusted OR (95% CI)
P value
Sociodemographic Factors
Age
  40–49 560 (26.9) 2,354,362 (26.45) 9.61 2.55 (0.7–9.2) 0.15 1.50 (0.3–6.7) 0.54
  50–59 787 (37.7) 2,635,059 (29.61) 12.29 3.36 (1.0–11.1) 0.05 2.40 (0.6–10.1) 0.23
  60–69 452 (21.7) 2,125,741 (23.88) 8.21 2.14 (0.6–7.6) 0.24 1.50 (0.3–6.7) 0.60
  70+ 286 (13.7) 1,784,849 (20.05) 4.01 1   1  
Provincea
  Western-BC 187 (9.0) 1,213,280 (13.63) 14.22 2.04 (1.0–4.3) 0.05 2.16 (0.9–5.0) 0.07
  Western-Parries 470 (22.5) 1,508,518 (16.95) 9.44 1.28 (0.7–2.4) 0.45 1.15 (0.6–2.4) 0.70
  Eastern-Atlantic 714 (34.2) 635,113.17 (7.14) 10.15 1.39 (0.8–2.4) 0.24 0.92 (0.4–1.9) 0.82
  Central 714 (34.2) 5,543,098 (62.28) 7.51 1   1  
Community Dwelling
  Rural 626 (30.0) 2,065,634 (23.21) 11.85 1   1  
  Urban 1459 (70.0) 6,834,376 (76.79) 8.12 1.07 (0.74–1.56) 0.17 0.56 (0.3–1.2) 0.14
Marital Status
  Partner 513 (24.7) 7,065,351 (79.83) 6.92 1   1  
  No Partner 1561 (75.3) 1,784,707 (20.17) 17.26 2.81 (1.6–4.8) < 0.001 2.13 (1.1–4.1) 0.03
Indigenous Status
  Yes 98 (4.8) 260,055 (3.02) 22.56 3.10 (1.0–9.4) 0.05 2.62 (0.8–8.7) 0.12
  No 1941 (95/2) 8,340,211 (96.98) 8.60 1   1  
Education
  University and above 366 (20.1) 2,830,979 (33.11) 9.95 1   1  
  Trade/College 693 (38.1) 2,605,917 (30.48) 8.01 0.78 (0.4–1.5) 0.48 0.53 (0.3–1.1) 0.08
  Secondary 487 (26.8) 2,055,419 (24.04) 7.84 0.77 (0.4–1.6) 0.49 0.52 (0.2–1.2) 0.13
  Less than Secondary 273 (15.0) 1,056,829 (12.36) 10.40 1.05 (0.5–2.5) 0.91 0.88 (0.3–2.6) 0.82
Current Employment
  Not Employed 755 (37.0) 3,662,317 (42.57) 7.88 1   1  
  Employed 1285 (63.0) 4,940,932 (57.43) 9.82 1.27 (0.7–2.2) 0.39 1.34 (0.7–2.7) 0.41
Health Factors
Self-perceived Health
  Very Good/Excellent 1214 (58.4) 5,074,587 (57.20) 7.95 1   1  
  Good 632 (30.4) 2,881,546 (32.48) 11.02 1.43 (0.8–2.5) 0.20 1.04 (0.5–2.3) 0.93
  Fair/Poor 233 (11.2) 915,816 (10.32) 8.46 1.07 (0.5–2.2) 0.86 0.76 (0.2–2.5) 0.65
Self-perceived Mental Health
  Very Good/Excellent 1480 (71.2) 6,351,499 (71.64) 7.14 1   1  
  Good 508 (24.4) 2,096,547 (23.65) 12.71 1.89 (1.1–3.3) 0.03 1.65 (0.7–4.0) 0.26
  Fair/Poor 92 (4.4) 418,163 (4.72) 16.92 2.65 (1.0–6.9) 0.05 3.44 (0.8–14.0) 0.09
Substance Use Variables
Drink Alcohol
  No 418 (20.4) 1,826,839 (21.01) 5.49 1   1  
  Yes 1636 (79.6) 6,866,838 (78.99) 9.92 1.90 (0.8–4.2) 0.12 2.09 (0.8–5.7) 0.15
Smoke Cigarette
  No 1749 (83.9) 7,461,424 (83.84) 5.70 1   1  
  Yes 336 (16.1) 1,438,585 (16.16) 26.80 6.05 (3.5–10.5) < 0.001 4.51 (2.5–8.2) < 0.001
Other Tobacco Productsb
  No 1952 (94.0) 8,404,912 (94.75) 8.19 1   1  
 Yes 125 (6.0) 465,582 (5.25) 23.77 3.50 (1.6–7.5) < 0.001 1.26 (0.5–3.2) 0.63
Illicit Drug Usec
  No 1974 (98.5) 8,341,756 (98.63) 8.06 1   1  
  Yes 31 (1.5) 115,470 (1.37) 82.79 54.87 (13.7–219.1) < 0.001 40.40 (10.0–162.6) < 0.001
  1. aWestern-BC category includes: British Columbia; Western Prairies category includes: Manitoba, Saskatchewan, & Alberta; Eastern Atlantic category includes: Newfoundland & Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island & New Brunswick; and Central category includes Quebec & Ontario
  2. bIncludes: Cigarillo, Cigar, Tobacco Water-pipe and Smokeless tobacco
  3. cIncludes: cocaine, speed/meth, ecstasy, hallucinogens, salvia, heroin, inhalants, abuse of pain relievers, stimulants and sedatives to get high in the past-year